o People would have first identified themselves with a group of other people

O people would have first identified themselves with

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oPeople would have first identified themselves with a group of other people Ethnic group, tribe, culture, nation Ties to people like them not a territory Leaders elected or chosen and became the sovereign ruler of the peopleoTerritory was considered secondary oThe rulers were in charge of the people and not the territory like it is today Sovereign State oUS can be considered sovereign/nation state because of a common basis of ideas and ideology Personal freedoms, human rights, capitalism, etcNation oGroup of people who share a common culture. oCherokee, Aztec, Zulu, Scotts, Persians, Kurds, Mongolians, French, Germans, Japanese, Koreans Nation- State oPeople who share a common culture and rule themselves in a defined political area oGermany, France, Dutch, Belgians, Spaniards, Italians oEurope invented this term oIran, China, Japan, Korea State oLegally defined territory that has been recognized by other states o193 states in the world Is every state a nation state? oNO oThe United States and India, Sudan Sudan has since split into two separate sovereign states July 9th2011 Now technically two separate nation-states oUS still does have a shared common culture Are there nations without states? oYES oThe Basque of northern Spain or the Kurds in the Turkey area, Abkhazia, Ossetia, Palestine, Kosovo Sovereign states NEVER willingly give up territory --needs tremendous fight or $$$ oWhy? You never know what the territory might be worth resource wise oYou can’t predict future geopolitical situations -- don’t want to give up territory that might attack you later on
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The only thing you need to become a state is sovereignty Sovereignty -- What is it? How do you get it? The quality of having supreme independent authority over a territory oThe kings, emperors, governments, laws are ultimatum You can technically claim to be a sovereign state oOnly have to be able to kill your own citizens to be considered a sovereign state and get away with it legally and with no repercussions whatsoever oThe US can kill its own citizens –death penalty No outcry from other countries –capital punishment What if US drops nuke on New Jersey what would others do? (probably laugh) but essentially NOTHING oReciprocity –respect authority of other territories over their own holders How did this concept of sovereignty start? oMonarchs primarily ruled the day (individuals bestowed with ultimate power) which was generally reinforced by a blessing from God The divine right of kings The Mandate of Heaven oIf you can claim that ultimate power supports you, then unquestionably you have ultimate power of the people and over the territory by divine rule increasingly oPower went from ruling over PEOPLE to over people in territory instead Turned into the nation-state oShifted away from individuals as the holders of sovereignty to the being of the people (not quite democracy yet but we’re getting there)
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  • Fall '08
  • Sovereignty, Sovereign state, physical world, sovereign states

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