Number problems a problem includes foreign sentences

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Number problems: A problem includes foreign sentences that describe basic arithmetic facts, such as "six times four is twenty-four," and your task is to figure out how to translate different numbers and expressions. Some languages use bases other than ten; others use different words for the same number depending on the objects being counted, etc. Writing systems: Your task is to figure out how a particular writing system works and then use it to write out a given text, such as an ancient inscription. Some languages are written right to left or top to bottom, others do not use vowels, etc. Calendar systems: Your task is to figure out what calendar was used by a particular civilization based on sentences that refer to it. Formal problems: In this context, "formal" means that you have to build a logical model of a language phenomenon. For example, a transformation rule may say "to convert an active voice 16
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sentence to passive voice, make the object of the former sentence the subject of the latter one, convert the verb to passive by using an appropriate form of the verb "to be" with the past participle of the verb, and add "by" before the word that was the subject of the former sentence." If we apply this rule to "Maya ate an apple," we get "An apple was eaten by Maya." Phonological problems: Your task is to figure out the relationship between the sounds of a language and its writing system. Computational problems: Your task is to develop a procedure to perform a particular linguistic task in a way that can be carried out by a computer. Other types: Deciphering kinship systems, transcribing spoken dialogue, associating sentences with images, translating unknown languages from scratch, and many other types of problems. Where can I find example problems and related reading materials? You may find some reading materials on the NACLO website; note that these readings are not required for participation. You may also find example problems in the following archives: You may find even more problems by searching the web for " ILO " or " linguistics olympiad ," where "ILO" stands for "International Linguistics Olympiad." What knowledge and skills do I need? You mostly need logical thinking, as well as basic general knowledge, such as about arithmetic and standard calendars. Since the competition is on a subject not taught in most schools, we have designed it for students with no prior training in linguistics, computer science, programming, or foreign languages. How many people participate in NACLO? Recently, 1,700+ students have been participating yearly at 100+ high school sites and about 50 university sites. What happens if I do well? If you earn a high score at the Open Round, you will advance to the Invitational Round. The top scorers in the Invitational Round will be invited to an online practice program. The students who perform the best in the Invitational Round and the practice program will be chosen to represent the United States and Canada at the International Linguistics Olympiad. The exact procedure for selection has not been decided at this time.
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  • Winter '08
  • Amos,Y
  • The Land, ........., Association of American Universities, NaClO

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