The Road to Independence Japan will grant Philippines independence as long as it cooperates and recognizes Japan’s establishment of Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere. - independence will be granted as long as Japanese is assured that it will not be exercised Independence grant under the condition: 1. No connections with former colonial master 2. Economic rehabilitation (molding Philippine’s economy to Japan’s economic empire) 3. Spiritual and intellectual orientation (nipponized culture) Another Tutelage Tutelage in democracy - Americans gave autonomy to the Philippines as the latter demonstrated that they would exercise freedom in approved way TF IS THAT Pio Duran criticized American promise of independence but praised Japanese promise BUT ITS PRATICALLY THE SAME THEY STILL WONT SEVER TIES W PH SO EXPLOITATION MAY CONTINUE FOR THEIR OWN ECONOMIC ADVANTAGE Cosmetic Exercises Kalibapi was ordered to nominate 20 men to constitute Preparatory Commission for Philippine Independence (jun 20 1943) Sept, drafted new consti structured after 1935 consti
- pres had 1 term of 6 yrs Kalibapi goes to manila and constitute themselves as General Assmbly to ratify the consti - it was ratified daw with the direct vote of the people - ppl = kalibapi bc its ppl’s association - kalibapi reps = expression of people’s will LUH Kalibapi also passed a resolution of gratitude to Imperial Japanese Government National Assembly -In accordance with the consti, provincial governors and city mayors are ex-officio members -exec order: 54 delegates are to be elected by Kalibapi members in provinces and cities -they had elaborate systems of election procedures etc certificates of candidacy to uniform and countersign ballots assigned kalibapi members to each place for orderly free honest election BUT THIS WAS ALL A LIE THIS WAS ONLY TO MAKE IT LOOK LEGIT AND DEMOCRATIC AND IT COULDN’T EVEN BE IMPLEMENTED BC ELECTIONS WERE 5 DAYS AWAY LMAO Popular suffrage was avoided with the excuse that kalibapi’s local chapters were the voice of the ppl The Republic National assembly delegate elected on sept 20 1943 - mostly traditional politicians - ofc they thanked colonizer for their generosity - benigno Aquino: speaker of assembly - jose p laurel: president - vargas’s plan for election by secret ballot countermanded by Japanese The Republic – inaugurated on oct 14 1943 Vargas announced effective that day Military admin throughout the Philippines was terminated Laurel asked US to recognize Philippine independence -plot to fool Japanese -future leverage against US Treaty-Making: Japanese Style DIS BE THE ONLY MISSING PART Parity As shown on 2 confidential memorandum - Japanese is not relaxing their complete control of the economy - Japanese citizens should have same rights as Filipinos - thus the anticipation of parity right that returning americans would demand themselves Council of State & National Planning Board - all the big names were there together again Amnesty Overtures Attempts of alleviating suffering of ppl: - grant pardon to citizens convicted of political crimes -extend amnesty to those who have committed crimes of sedition etc
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- Winter '11
- History, japan, Empire of Japan, Imperial Japanese Army