Seen as unethical by todays standards extinction the

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Seen as unethical by today’s standards -ExtinctionThe weakening of a conditioned response through removal of reinforcement 30
Thursday, October 26, 2017-Spontaneous RecoveryThe reappearance of a learned response after its apparent extinction -Stimulus GeneralizationThe tendency to respond to stimuli similar to, but not identical to, a conditioned stimulus -Stimulus DiscriminationThe learned ability to respond differently to similar stimuli -Operant ConditioningLearning from consequences A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer, or diminished if followed by a punisher Learning based on the consequences of responding Operant chamber (also known as “Skinner Box”) Law of effect-Responses that lead to desirable effects are repeated, and those that lead to undesirable results are not Shaping-Gradually molding responses to a final desires patternTypes of Reinforcement -ReinforcementAnything that increases the likelihood that a behavior is repeated31
Thursday, October 26, 2017-Positive ReinforcementOccurs when a response is followed by a reward or other positive event -Negative ReinforcementOccurs when a response is followed by an end to discomfort, or by the removal of an unpleasant eventReinforcers-ReinforcerAny event that strengthens (increases the frequency of) a preceding response -Primary ReinforcerNon-learned reinforcer -Secondary ReinforcerA learned reinforcerPartial Reinforcement -A pattern in which only a portion of all responses are reinforced -Schedules Fixed: setVariable: changing Interval: TimeRatio: Number Punishment-An event that decreases the behavior that it follows32
Thursday, October 26, 2017-Positive Punishment v negative punishment-Drawbacks of Physical PunishmentPunished behavior is suppressed, not forgottenPunishment teaches discriminationPunishment can teach fearPhysical punishment may increase aggressiveness by modeling aggression as a way to cope with problemsUse of Operant Conditioning-State your goal-Monitor how often you engage in your desired behavior-Reinforce your desired behavior-Reduce the rewards graduallyModeling-Observational LearningLearning achieved by watching and imitating the actions of another person or seeing the consequences of those actions-ModelThe process of observing and imitating a specific behavior-What are some sources of modeling that you see on a regular basis?Other Topics related to Classical Conditioning-Counter conditioning33
Thursday, October 26, 2017
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Tuesday, October 31, 2017Memory-What is memory?The persistence of learning over time through storage and retrieval of informationThe mental system for encoding, storing, organizing, altering, and retrieving informationEncoding-Process of getting information into the memory system-Changing info into a form that can be kept in memory-Automatic Processing

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