E actually french leaders were well treated by the

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e. Actually, French leaders were well-treated by the British, who promised religious toleration to the Roman Catholics there—much to the shock of colonists to the South—and permitted their government systems to remain intact. Question 4 a. Colonists remained deeply loyal to England and considered themselves English subjects, even as they held their various Continental Congresses, listed and redressed grievances, and engaged in early battles. b. Britain’s status as a world leader extended to the American colonies as well, a fact that many colonists enjoyed. c. Colonists had yet to unite around a single aim, and their various governments, industries, and populations made that unity difficult to muster in the early days of the Revolution. d. Having seen Irish rebels hanged, drawn, and quartered by the British government, American rebels feared a similar fate should they formally seek independence. e. Correct answer. After the Seven Years’ War, Americans felt secure in their own strength and no longer felt the need for British military protection from other European nations. Question 5 a. Thomas Jefferson authored the Declaration of Independence only after it was decided that that should be the goal of the war. b. Samuel Adams was a leader of the Sons of Liberty and other protests against England’s actions in the colonies, but his early objectives were merely for greater home rule, not independence. c. Correct answer. Thomas Paine’s widely popular pamphlet, Common Sense , contained a radical prescription for the colonies to become an independent republic. He argued that it made little sense for a smaller nation (England) to govern a larger one (America) and that independence was the true destiny of the colonies. d. John Adams was an important revolutionary and later diplomat, but he was not the first to articulate the goal of independence. e. George Washington led the Revolutionary army but did not promote independence. Question 6 a. Correct answer. In a republic, power flows from the people, and all government officials derive their authority from popular consent and not from heredity, as monarchs and aristocrats did.
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b. While some classic republican ideals survived in mixed governments— monarchy, aristocracy, and commons—like England’s, in which each segment balanced the other, the American brand of republicanism saw the potential for corruption in monarchies and aristocracies. c. The lack of a hereditary aristocracy in America and the opportunity for land ownership coincided with the republican ideology of power in the hands of the people. d. Some adherents of republicanism later sought ways to incorporate self-interest into this theory of government, arguing that self-interest can be marshaled for the greater good. However, a true republic stresses setting aside self-interest and putting the needs of society above all else.
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