GOVERNMENTAL POLICIES AND ROADMAPS Somalilands youth despite making up the

Governmental policies and roadmaps somalilands youth

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GOVERNMENTAL POLICIES AND ROADMAPS Somaliland’s youth, despite making up the majority of the society, feels currently excluded from decision-making processes and marginalized in government planning: “Another challenge is the disunity among youth. The fact that we are not organised in any meaningful way to pursue and advocate for our interests has meant that we do not get good representation in the Government.” (Female case study participant, Burao) The current efforts of SONYO and the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Tourism to develop 1) a roadmap for youth engagement that will particularly target migration and employment and will be presented at the National Youth Conference as well as 2) the National Youth Policy currently drafted by and supported by development partners show that there is a realization for the need to give youth a more central role in policy and development planning. However, in the Somaliland National Youth Policy, migration is not treated as a specific topic, but as a cross-cutting issue. Similarly, migration is given scant attention in Puntland’s 2014-2016 priorities, beyond a call to improve immigration controls at borders to prevent human trafficking. More encouragingly is the focus on the economic difficulties of youth, with the recognition that “unemployment is relatively high particularly amongst youth.” 32 However, the solution proffered is that of “employment expansion and skills development” and the methods used to attain this are not detailed. ONGOING PROGRAMMES Initiatives promoting youth employment and mainstreaming displacement into broader development plans can be divided into four main categories: vocational training and education, internship and job placement, business investments and structural reforms, awareness raising and dissemination. The subsection below gathers the information directly collected during face-to-face interviews with international and Somali organisations working under those specific umbrellas. 32 Puntland priorities, p. 7
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41 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration Chart 4 – Key stakeholders in youth-oriented programming Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC): Youth Education Pack (YEP) Programme in Somaliland offering level 1, 2 and 3 education. Targeted populations are solely the most vulnerable– illiterate IDPs and refugees. It offers 10 months of training (including exam periods). Started out in Hargeysa and Borama, the programme currently has five centres; the programme in Borama was phased out in 2010, and started in Erigavo due to greater needs there (particularly high number of IDPs). Current number of students every year: 600 new students in total for the five centres, and each centre held 120 students for the last two years (2013 and 2014). The YEP programme also is present in Puntland.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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