Made of intangible things made of five basic

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made of intangible things, made of five basic categories:  Symbols - represents something else to more than one person Norms govern everyday behavior, vary importance. Types:  Folkways - violations not taken seriously.  Mores -  reflect important rules.  Taboo -  deeply held beliefs not to  be violated. Sanctions:  Negative, Positive, Formal, Informal. Values general or abstract ideas about what is good as opposed to what is bad in society.  Belief - people’s ideas about what is real and what isn’t. Culture as: Culture as:  Product of action - culture systems created by humans.  Conditioning  element of further action - traditions/ customs influence how we live.  Institutions - set of ideas about how specific solution to specific need.  Cultural  diffusion process by which cultural things are adopted.  Leveling - increase diffusion, decrease cultural differences.  Subculture - groups of people whose  culture sets them apart from other people in a society (parent culture), often leveled.  Counterculture -  subculture that threatens parent culture.  Idiocultures common interaction develops shared culture (mirroring parent culture) important to their future interactions. Ch. 9 Society - totality of people and social relations in given geographic space. Defining characteristic of society is  self-sufficiency Society needs: new  members, socialize members, control members, create knowledge, protection, promote social unity Institution -  accepted/persistent constellation of statuses,  roles, values, norms in response to societal needs.  Ideal type -  idea widely accepted as pattern. Institutions are: 1. Unplanned, slow to change, change doesn’t  occur in isolation, institutions of societies generally same, internally very different.
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