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the war in 1848, Mexico gave up Texas, California, and everything in between.4.Lincolns First Inaugural Addressa.Lincoln’s early presidency i.First Inaugural Address 1.Vowed to preserve the Union; to “hold, occupy, and possess” Federal property in the Southi.“Physically speaking, we cannot separate”ii.He was careful not to offend border slave states with hawkish rhetoriciii.Republicans & Democratic unionists supported the speech iv.Lower South saw it as a war message ii. CabinetWilliam H. Seward, one of America’s best secretaries of stateSalmon P. Chase, treasury secretary: A leading abolitionist, he had presidential hopes that were dashed by Lincoln’s successa)He oversaw a significant transformation of the nation’s financial system.b)Eventually, he was appointed by Lincoln as the Chief Justice to the Supreme Court Edwin M. Stanton: “War Democrat” who was later appointed as secretary of war to gain the support of pro-Union Democrats a)He oversaw the eventual success of the Union army over the Confederacy 4. The cabinet was often at odds with each other or with Lincoln ii.Lincoln proved to be an able and savvy leader
1.He was perceptive at interpreting public opinion and acting accordingly 2.Charitable toward South and patient with feuding cabinet members 3.Walked a fine line between racists and abolitionists when running for president 4.Despite deep differences with some of his cabinet members, he shrewdly presidedover the cabinet to achieve his goals 5.Shiloh The War in the West: Battle for control of the Mississippi RiveroGen.Ulysses S. Grant became Lincoln’s most able general Won numerous victories in the West and would later be promoted to commander of all the Union’s armies. oGrant captured Fort Henry and Fort Donelson in northern Tennessee in February, 1862 Significance: Kentucky was more secure while a gateway opened to the rest of Tennessee and Georgia. Boosted northern morale in the face of humiliating losses in Virginia. Shiloh (April 6-7, 1862) oFederals moved down through western Tennessee to take the Confederacy’s only east-west railroad linking the lower South to cities on the Confederacy’s eastern coast oGrant was victorious but the casualties were shocking: 23,746 killed, wounded, or missing oShiloh brought a shocking realization to both sides that the war would not end quickly and would be exceedingly bloody. New Orleans taken by the Union Navy in the spring of 1862 oCampaign led by Admiral David G. Farragut oRepresented a devastating loss to the Confederates of one of their most vital ports. 6.John Brown’s Raid
Brown’s execution was met with cheers in the South and wails in the North. His raid had touched on Southerners’ deepest fear that their slaves would one day rise up against them, and many in the South viewed him as a criminal and a traitor of the worst kind. Most Northerners, however, saw Brown as a martyr, especially after he so boldly denounced slavery with his final words.