The favorable flexible budget variance of 408 has two offsetting components a

The favorable flexible budget variance of 408 has two

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The favorable flexible-budget variance of $408 has two offsetting components: (a) favorable price variance of $1,120––reflects the $0.82 actual purchase cost being lower than the $0.89 budgeted purchase cost per pound. (b) unfavorable efficiency variance of $712–reflects the actual materials yield of 3.80 scones per pound of pumpkin (60,800 ÷ 16,000 = 3.80) being less than the budgeted yield of 4.00 (60,000 ÷ 15,000 = 4.00). The company used more pumpkins (materials) to make the scones than was budgeted. One explanation may be that Peterson purchased lower quality pumpkins at a lower cost per pound.