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[Online]. Available: https:/mckinsey.com/industries/automotive-and-assembly/our- insights/disruptive-trends-that-will-transform-the-auto-industry&hl. [13] I. N. a. M. Kenney, "Towards a new theory of innovation management:," Journal of Engineering and Technology Management,, vol. 8, pp. 67-83, 1991. [14] R. Lema, B. Johnson, A. D. Andersen, B.-Å. Lundvall and Chaudhary, "Low-Carbon Innovation and Development," 2014. [Online]. Available: . [Accessed 2019]. [15] J. Cook, "Are CO2 levels increasing?," July 2015. [Online]. Available: . [Accessed 2019].
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DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION THEORY Appendices 1. Sectors Analyzed in low carbon papers at Globelic Conferences 43.00% 4.00% 16.00% 9.00% 7.00% 6.00% 5.00% 4.00% 3.00% 3.00% Chart Title Energy water cross sectoral other manufacturing Biofuel Forestry Transportation Automotive Waste Figure 1 shows the sectors studied in the 59 low-carbon papers. Energy sectors amount to 43 per- cent while 16 percent are cross -sectorial papers. Nine percent of the papers are in the category ‘others’, which includes agriculture, biodiversity, con-struct ion, and infrastructure. The energy
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DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION THEORY sectors can be subdivided into wind energy (35 percent), general (28 percent), renewables (17 percent), so-lar (17 percent) and carbon capture and storage (3 percent). [ CITATION Iku91 \l 1033 ] 2. Approaches Analyzed in low carbon papers at Globelic Conferences 3.00% 27.00% 22.00% 15.00% 11.00% 7.00% 5.00% 5.00% 5.00% Inclusive innovation innovation system other Eco- innovation policy analysis Diffusion of innovation Evolutionary economics Not specified sustainabilit transitions
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DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION THEORY Figure 2 shows the concepts and approaches in low-carbon papers. Innovation systems approaches amount to 27 percent.[ CITATION Iku91 \l 1033 ] A total of 873 papers were presented at Globelics conferences for the period 2010-2013. Of these, 59 papers are on low-carbon issues. This is equal to 7 percent of all papers presented at the four confer-ences. 3. Carbon iv Oxide increasing trend (19 th Century to 21 st Century) This analysis back to 1850 by combining direct CO 2 measurements from Mauna Loa and the South Pole with CO 2 data derived from Antarctic ice cores. This enabled Knorr to compare CO 2 emissions to atmospheric CO 2 levels for the past 150 years. Figure 3 : Observed increase atmospheric CO 2 derived from direct measurements, taking the
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DISRUPTIVE INNOVATION THEORY average of Mauna Loa (Hawaii) and the South Pole (thin solid line) and two ice core s: Law Dome (dashed thin line) and Siple (thin dotted line). This is compared to total anthropogenic emissions (thick solid line) and 46% of total emissions (thick dashed line).[ CITATION Joh15 \l 1033 ]
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