We were earlier prepared for this revelation when she

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someone has seen through her guise and has allowed her to come down off her pedestal.We were earlier prepared for this revelation when she told her mother that she would liketo shock Sergius; already, we have seen that she finds “higher love” to be something of astrain on her. Thus, it is ultimately a relief for her to discard all of her artificial poses andfinally become herself. Likewise, Bluntschli also changes. While he will not tolerateposturing, yet, since he is such a plainspoken man, we are surprised to discover thatbeneath his exterior, he has a romantic soul—that is, he came back with the Major’s coatonly to have one more glimpse of Raina, with whom he is infatuated. Therefore, as thepractical man is seen to change, so also does Sergius, whom we saw very early in thesecond act confess that he is tired of playing this game of the ideal of the “higher love.”He is immensely relieved not to have to be the over-idealized, noble object of Raina’s love;he found trying to live up to her expectations tiresome. After discovering that there is nonobility or heroics connected with war, he is delighted to discover that Raina’s heroics arenot for him; as a result, he turns to the more basic but yet attractive Louka.The resolution of the drama is brought about by the simple technique of having all of thecharacters recognize their basic nature and yield to it. Consequently, the ending of thiscomedy is similar to most classic comedies—that is, after a mix-up or confusion betweenthe lovers, everyone is paired with the proper person finally.CHARACTERANALYSISRaina PetkoffRaina is one of Shaw’s most delightful heroines from his early plays. In the openingscenes of the play, she is presented as being a romantically idealistic person in love withthe noble ideal of war and love; yet, she is also aware that she is playing a game, that sheenjoys making dramatic entrances (her mother is aware that Raina listens at doors in orderto know when to make an effective entrance), and she is very idealistic in her views onlove and war. Whenever Raina strikes a pose, she is fully aware “of the fact that her ownyouth and beauty are part of it.” When she accuses Bluntschli of being “incapable ofgratitude” and “incapable of any noble sentiments,” she is also amused, and she is laterdelighted that he sees through her “noble attitude” and her pretensions. In fact, herattraction for Bluntschli is partly due to the fact that she can step down off the pedestalwhich she must be upon, metaphorically, whenever she is in Sergius’ presence. She shocksher mother when she says that she would like to shock Sergius’ propriety since he is sucha “stuffed shirt.” Yet, at first, she is filled with undefined ideals. She admires Sergius’
School of Distance EducationPerspective on LiteraturePage 70victories, but she is also genuinely troubled by the reports of the suffering and slaughterthat accompany the war. She does respond immediately to the plight of the Serbiansoldier (Captain Bluntschli), even though just a few moments earlier, she was delighting

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