Kasitiles religion is one of external conditions not inner states Among Ngonde

Kasitiles religion is one of external conditions not

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Kasitile’s religion is one of external conditions not inner states. Among Ngonde baneful ghosts “come constantly to ‘brood’ on man and his works and have constantly to be satisfied and driven away by ritual”. Kyala, Kasitile’s spongiest divinity, was said to be angry and
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brooding over him. Up in the high hills Lwembe would return to Ukwama, unseen but sensed at treetop level, so that men becoming aware of him would know a solemn act of propitiation was in order, even before he had clearly shown his anger. That brooding mind is the core mystery. The procedures for responding to its presence, though mostly esoteric, are technical. ‡ Witchcraft in its usual form in uKinga can be termed ‘objective’ in this regional culture since the power to harm is usually vested in medicines. When they are destroyed, a witch’s power, at least for the time, is gone. The python of the Ngonde-Nyakyusa witch is another such ‘objective’ creature of fantasy. The special quality of charismatic charm a follower might perceive in a dramatically competent and ‘chiefly’ prince in command mode is hypostatized as python-ness. Saying that a man ‘has a python in his belly’ is therefore not quite saying these powers are immanent and so insep- arable from the man himself. Charisma like friendship is a quality which must be sustained at every opportunity. Paradoxically, that is why the Sanga unkuludeva, whose charisma is staged not self- dramatically earned, can’t revert to a normal, uncharismatic existence and why a ruling Nyakyusa prince can seem to pass his python along to a successor when his vital charm can no longer be 139 126 Victor-Yves Ghebali beneficial conditions for social and economic development in border territo- ries, as well as for the prosperity and cultural development of persons be- longing to all communities residing in border areas (§ 4.6). In order to ensure dignified treatment of all individuals wanting to cross borders, the Concept prescribes that border security and management policies should respect in- ternational human rights, refugee and humanitarian law as well as OSCE norms, principles, commitments and values (§ 2.1 and 2.2). It also encour- ages direct cooperation between border services and other competent na- tional structures, especially as regards issues of a regulatory nature arising at the bilateral, regional and multilateral levels (§ 6). Such cooperation must be based on the principles of international law, mutual confidence, equal part- nership, transparency and predictability, and friendly and good neighbourly relations between states (§ 1 and 2.4). The Concept also addresses the question as to how the OSCE can most appropriately contribute to border-related cooperation. It prescribes a facilitation role, including the use of good offices between governments, the promotion of confidence-building measures in border areas and the coordi- nation of exchange of information, experience and best practices. It also
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