Ution so wilhelm believed that tsar nicholas ii would

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ution, so Wilhelm believed that Tsar Nicholas II would want to be seen as a ‗big player‘ . The aim of these diplomatic maneuvers was to isolate Germany‘s biggest rival - Britain. By allying with France and Russia, it was hoped that Germany would force Britain to join with Spain and Italy neither of whom were seen as major powers. The Algeciras Conference is significant because it shows the importance of alliance before World War One. Power relations became more important than Morocco. 3.The Agadir Conference Background: At Algeciras (1906), Germany promised to keep out of Morocco - the French Foreign Legion went into Morocco.In 1910, France made a huge loan to Morocco, and took control of customs and taxes.In 1910 France sent a gunboat to Agadir in southern Morocco (German newspapers were angry). In March 1911 there was a rebellion in Fez, northern Morocco. The French sent an army to defend (= angers the Germans).In June 1911, the Germans announced that they needed to protect German citizens in southern Morocco (even though there were no German citizens in southern Morocco).In July 1911, Kaiser Wilhelm sent the gunship Panther to Agadir (port on Morocco‘s Atlantic coast). There was an international crisis war fever in Germany and Britain.Lloyd George mentioned in the 'Mansion House speech‗ that Britain will not stand and watch while ―her interests were affected‖Nov 1911: Treaty of Berlin – problem was resolved when Germany accepted only two strips of territory in the Congo. Morocco became a French colony.
Page 7 4.The Balkan Wars Of 1912 And 1913 Trouble in the Balkans In the early twentieth century, the Balkans was a very unstable area of Europe.The area had traditionally been controlled by the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire.However by the start of the twentieth century, the Ottoman Empire had weakened to such an extent that dissatisfied ethnic groups in the Balkans, such as the Serbs, were seeking independence. Since the 17th century, much of south-east Europe (the Balkans) had been part of the Ottoman Empire however by the 19th century, Ottoman military power was in decline.In 1832, Greece won its independence and this marked a gradual weakening of power as other countries within the empire, such as Serbia and Bulgaria, also achieved independence. Austria-Hungary was a large scattered empire that controlled over 11 different nationalities.The Austrians were Germans and the Hungarians were Magyars, but they also ruled over millions of ‗Slav‘ subjects, such as Czechs, Serbs, Bosnians and Croats. The main aim of the Habsburg emperor, Franz Joseph, was to stop the growth of nationalism.This was a belief that different nationalities should rule themselves and it threatened to break up the empire. Since Serbia had gained its independence from the Ottomans in 1878, it had always been a problem for Austria- Hungary.Several million Serbs lived in Southern Austria and were keen to unite with Serbia.Franz Joseph thought it might be better to conquer Serbia to stop the threat as the Czechs and Croats also wanted independence.

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