Could mention Langer's choice-less choice. Die at the hands of the Nazis or die in the woods This is a resistance type of document (4 types): Just stay die as a victim, fight, try to get away, and cooperating and trying to find a middle ground. Historical Context : Phase 3: extermination. The ghettos are being liquidated. It's a group of people deciding what to do about this liquidation. Many of the Jewish communities knew what was going on. This counters the argument that Jews did nothing and didn’t know what was going on. Document as a whole: They understand that their fate is likely death Anna Heilman memoir excerpt Author : Anna Heilman Date : 1985 interview, talking about 1943 (dealing with memory could talk about problems with memory) Purpose : To chronicle her memory of Auschwitz Historical Context : Phase 3. She's in Auschwitz. She's giving you a view of resistance within camp . Talking about resistance here but within actual camp not just ghetto Analyze excerpt : "planning resistance through gun powder from factory location and planning an event". They're talking about blowing up the crematorium. Could talk about gender and the Holocaust. This was a job that was given specifically women. The men weren't allowed near the gun powder. The women developed their relationships with each other differently than Primo Levey talks about male relationships. He makes the men camp relationships seem surface-level. Active form of resistance. Jewish response to the Holocaust.
SECTION 2 1. Nazi Policy Toward the Jews : this is adaptable. It changes through each phase of the Holocaust. What causes the change of the policies? a. Jewish Responses 2. Nazi Policy Toward Others a. disabled 2. Global Responses 1. Mixed Policies and Responses PHASE 1 (1933-1939): o Consolidation of Nazi power (Hitler becomes Chancellor in '33) Propaganda Unclear changing laws because even they weren't sure what to do with the Jews. Immediately pass laws, Nuremburg laws, emigration, Nuremburg laws/ racial laws Property laws Emigration laws Professional laws Boycott Jewish business laws *In 1936 the Olympics are in Berlin and these laws are relaxed. They care about global opinion. Their concerned about how they appear and they're sensitive about it also very concerned with laws which is ironic. Reservation plan, all these ideas are being developed to deal with Jewish population. Kristallnaut ('38) which is violence on Jewish community and encourages more emigration *September 1938: Invade Poland and the war begins PHASE 2 (1939-1941) o Concentration Ghettoization: Jews organize, smuggle, etc. as resistance As the Germans begin to move East, they run into a lot of Jews and they're not prepared to deal with this. They have a desire to put them all in one place to deal with this 'problem'.
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- Spring '07
- Survival in Auschwitz, A. Reich