HIST 103—Greece

Arranged for 10000 soldiers to do the same wore

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Arranged for 10,000 soldiers to do the same Wore Persian dress Used Persian administration Attempted to fuse the cultures of East and West Economy of the Hellenistic world Trade was not Alexander’s main priority Breakup of Alexander’s Empire Generals divide empire Ptolemaic—Egypt Selucid—Mesopotamia Area Antigonids—Macedonia Polis to Cosmopolis Collapse of Classical Greece=century of warfare City-states fail to protect Intellectuals begin to eject direct democracy Plato embraced the Philosopher-King in the Republic Bitter over the death of Socrates Change in Greek attitudes toward public life Fused public-private life of the polis gives way Duty to the sate no loner prized Virtue no longer a public duty New focus on the individual Comedy and drama begin to criticize and lampoon the polis More focus on domestic life
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Greece Women Married off shortly after puberty Stay home and not leave the house Especially in Upper classes No public life No right to own property and work Poor women had more rights in public life Women were excluded when there were guests in the house Men were valued more than women, hence there was homosexuality amongst men Spartan Women Aristotle was condescending  Made women seem masculine (man like) Calls women evil Spartan War Machine (Army) Military was very organized Split into units and regimented Xenophon Was an outsider looking into the military of Sparta Religion  Very passionate Polytheistic Gods, had same feelings and emotions as humans but very powerful. Sacrifice
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