Sent a copy of noli to father rector gregorio

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- sent a copy of Noli to Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria of the University of Sto. Tomas for examination by a committee of the faculty The report of the faculty members of University of Santo Tomas stated that the Noli was “heretical, impious, and scandalous in the religious order and anti-patriotic, subversive of public order, injurious to the government of Spain and its function in the Philippine Islands in the political order” Permanent Commission of Censorship -a committee composed of priest and laymen Fr. Salvador Font - Augustinian cura of Tondo, head of the committee -found the novel to contain subversive ideas against the Church and Spain , and recommended “that the importation, reproduction, and circulation of this pernicious book in the islands be absolutely prohibited.” Fr. Jose Rodriguez - Augustinian priest, published a series of eight pamphlets under the general heading Cuestiones de Sumo Interes (Questions of Supreme Interest) to blast the Noli and other anti-Spanish writings Vicente Barrantes - Spanish academician of Madrid, who formerly criticized the Noli in an article published in La Espańa Moderna (a newspaper of Madrid) in January, 1890 What marred Rizal’s happy days in Calamba with Lt. Andrade were (1) the death of his older sister, Olimpia, and (2) the groundless tales circulated by his enemies that he was “a German spy, an agent of Bismarck, a Protestant, a Mason, a witch, a soul beyond salvation, etc.” Rev. Vicente Garcia -a Filipino Catholic priest-scholar, a theologian of the Manila Cathedral and a Tagalog translator of the famous Imitation of Christ by Thomas A. Kempis -writing under the penname Justo Desiderio Magalang , wrote a defense of the Noli which was published in Singapore as an appendix to a pamphlet dated July 18, 1888, he blasted the arguments of Fr. Rodriguez Rizal, himself defended his novel against Barrantes’ attack, in a letter written in Brussels, Belgium in February 1880. FAREWELL TO CALAMBA The friars asked Governor General Terrero to deport him, but latter refused because there was no valid charge against Rizal in court. Rizal was compelled to leave Calamba for two reasons: (1) his presence in Calamba was jeopardizing the safety and happiness of his family and friends (2) he could fight better his enemies and serve his country’s cause with greater efficacy by writing in foreign countries Shortly before Rizal left Calamba in 1888 , his friend from Lipa requested him to write a poem in commemoration of the town’s elevation to a villa (city) by virtue of the Becerra Law of 1888 Himno Al Trabajo (Hymn to Labor) - a poem written by Rizal dedicated to the industrious folks of Lipa IN HONGKONG AND MACAO (1888) -Hounded by powerful enemies, Rizal was forced to leave his country for a second time in February 1888 . He was then a full-grown man of 27 years of age , a practicing physician, and a recognized man-of-letters 16
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THE TRIP TO HONGKONG February 3, 1888 -Rizal left Manila for Hong Kong on board the Zafiro February 7, 1888
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