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Congress wanted to exploit britains critical position

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Congress wanted to exploit Britain’s critical position. Many Congress leaders thought that wartime wasthe best opportunity to pressurize the British for immediate withdrawal from India. Therefore, insteadof accepting Cripps Offer, they started the Quit India Movement on massive scale, which was an attemptto drive the British out of India through protests and demonstrations. If this strategy succeeds, Congresswould deal with all other parties on its own terms.
Did Shah Wali Ullah contribute more to spread Islam in the Sub-continent than anyone else before1850? Explain your answer. [14]Shah Waliullah worked hard to ensure that he was a role model for other Muslims. Since he believedthat an emphasis on Quranic teachings was vital to Muslims so Shah Waliullah translated the Holy Quraninto Persian which was the language of educated Muslims at that time. He also wrote 51 books toexplain the principles of Islam. He wrote an account about the first for Caliphs of Islam in a way in whichit was acceptable to both Shias and Sunnis. He hoped that this would help to heal the divisions betweenthem.His writings brought him great fame and prestige and enabled him to have influence in other areas too.For example: in economics he emphasized the need for social justice and for peasants and crafts men tobe truly valued for their contribution to the economy. He advised the Muslims to give up extravaganceand wasteful expenditure on marriages, deaths, births and other occasions. Shah Waliullah wrote lettersto the rulers of Muslim states asking them to unite and rise against non-Muslim forces. He invited theAfghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali to deal with Marathas who were threatening Muslims in Delhi andPunjab. Shah Waliullah explained the importance of JEHAD to the Muslims. He gave the concept ofsocial justice and advised the Muslims that due importance and value should be given to peasantsand craftsmen.The work of Shah Waliullah was very important but the work of another two reformers was also veryimportant for a number of reasons: Syed Ahmad Bareli Shaheed was born in 1786. He was greatlyimpressed by the preaching and thoughts of Shah Waliullah. So, Syed Ahmad Shaheed started preachingtrue Islam (as Shah Waliullah did). But he was of the opinion that there should be a political powerbehind the preaching for the revival of Islam and Muslim power in India. He founded the JihadMovement for the restoration and revival of Muslim power in India. His main objective was theestablishment of an Islamic state on proper Islamic principles. Also the aim of the Jihad Movement wasto liberate the Muslims of the Punjab and N.W.F.P from the Sikh rule. At that time (beginning of 19thcentury) Punjab and N.W.F.P were under the Sikh rule of Ranjit Singh. Muslims were facing greatdifficulty in for their religion in this area. Syed Ahmad established his headquarters at Nowshera. His firstencounters against the Sikh forces took place at Okora in which the Mujahidin were successful. SyedAhmad’s example continued to inspire the future Muslimgenerations.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Mansooralikhan
Tags
Islam, British Raj, Bengal, Quit India,

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