D Herpesvirus genome DNA persists in latently infected cells 268 Each of the

D herpesvirus genome dna persists in latently

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(D ) Herpesvirus genome DNA persists in latently infected cells. 268. Each of the following statements concerning rhinoviruses is cor- rect EXCEPT: ( A ) Rhinoviruses are the most common cause of the common cold. (B ) Rhinoviruses grow better at 33°C than at 37°C; hence they tend to cause disease in the upper respiratory tract rather than the lower respiratory tract. (C ) Rhinoviruses are members of the picornaviruses family and hence resemble poliovirus in their structure and replication. (D ) The immunity provided by the rhinovirus vaccine is excel- lent because there is only one serotype. 269. Which one of the following statements concerning poliovirus infection is CORRECT? ( A ) Congenital infection of the fetus is an important complication. (B ) The virus replicates extensively in the gastrointestinal tract. (C ) A skin test is available to determine prior exposure to the virus. (D ) Amantadine is an effective preventive agent. 270. Each of the following statements concerning yellow fever is cor- rect EXCEPT: ( A ) Yellow fever virus is transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mos- quito in the urban form of yellow fever. (B ) Infection by yellow fever virus causes significant damage to hepatocytes.
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634 PART XII USMLE (National Board) Practice Questions 281. Measles virus 282. Respiratory syncytial virus 283. Coxsackie virus 284. Varicella-zoster virus Questions 285–289 ( A ) Adenovirus ( B ) Parainfluenza virus ( C ) Rhinovirus ( D ) Coxsackie virus ( E ) Epstein-Barr virus 285. Causes myocarditis and pleurodynia 286. Grows better at 33°C than 37°C 287. Causes tumors in laboratory rodents 288. Causes croup in young children 289. Causes infectious mononucleosis Questions 290–294 ( A ) Hepatitis C virus ( B ) Cytomegalovirus ( C ) Human papillomavirus ( D ) Dengue virus ( E ) St. Louis encephalitis virus 290. It is implicated as the cause of carcinoma of the cervix. 291. Wild birds are an important reservoir. 292. It is an important cause of pneumonia in immunocompromised patients. 293. Donated blood containing antibody to this RNA virus should not be used for transfusion. 294. It causes a hemorrhagic fever that can be life-threatening. Answers (Questions 276–294) 276. ( C ) 277. ( A ) 278. ( D ) 279. ( B ) 280. ( C ) 281. ( E ) 282. ( A ) 283. ( B ) 284. ( D ) 285. ( D ) 286. ( C ) 287. ( A ) 288. ( B ) 289. ( E ) 290. ( C ) 291. ( E ) 292. ( B ) 293. ( A ) 294. ( D ) Answers (Questions 212–275) 212. ( C ) 213. ( B ) 214. ( B ) 215. ( D ) 216. ( C ) 217. ( B ) 218. ( A ) 219. ( D ) 220. ( A ) 221. ( D ) 222. ( C ) 223. ( C ) 224. ( D ) 225. ( B ) 226. ( D ) 227. ( D ) 228. ( B ) 229. ( A ) 230. ( D ) 231. ( A ) 232. ( A ) 233. ( B ) 234. ( C ) 235. ( B ) 236. ( D ) 237. ( B ) 238. ( A ) 239. ( B ) 240. ( D ) 241. ( D ) 242. ( A ) 243. ( A ) 244. ( A ) 245. ( D ) 246. ( B ) 247. ( D ) 248. ( A ) 249. ( C ) 250. ( D ) 251. ( B ) 252. ( D ) 253. ( D ) 254. ( C ) 255. ( D ) 256. ( B ) 257. ( D ) 258. ( C ) 259. ( C ) 260. ( B ) 261. ( D ) 262. ( B ) 263. ( A ) 264. ( D ) 265. ( C ) 266. ( D ) 267. ( B ) 268. ( D ) 269. ( B ) 270. ( D ) 271. ( A ) 272. ( D ) 273. ( D ) 274. ( B ) 275. ( C ) DIRECTIONS (Questions 276–294): Select the ONE lettered option that is MOST closely associated with the numbered items. Each lettered option may be selected once, more than once, or not at all. Questions 276–279 ( A ) Yellow fever virus ( B ) Rabies virus ( C ) Rotavirus ( D ) Rubella virus ( E ) Rhinovirus 276. Diarrhea 277. Jaundice 278. Congenital abnormalities 279. Encephalitis Questions 280–284 ( A ) Bronchiolitis ( B ) Meningitis ( C ) Pharyngitis ( D ) Shingles ( E ) Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis 280. Adenovirus MYCOLOGY DIRECTIONS (Questions 295–317): Select the ONE lettered answer that is BEST in each question.
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