The article has an objective and two hypotheses There are no questions posed in

The article has an objective and two hypotheses there

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The article has an objective and two hypotheses. There are no questions posed in the article. b) List the article’s objectives, questions or hypotheses. Be specific and say which one of these three it has. Quote this directly from the article and cite it appropriately. Objective- The main goal of this study was to understand the impact MT sessions on patients’ experiencing post-elective orthopaedic surgery compared to usual care alone (Gallagher et al, 2018). Hypothesis #1- It was hypothesized that MT would have a positive effect on patients’ self-reported scores of pain, anxiety, mood, and nausea (Gallagher et al, 2018). Hypothesis #2- It was also hypothesized that participation in MT would have a positive effect on length of stay and the use of narcotics and antiemetics (Gallagher et al, 2018). Question #6. Variables (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 6 & 18)
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a) List the major study variables. Patients perceived pain, nausea, and anxiety level. Length of hospitalization and the use of medications are also variables of this study. b) Are the major study variables independent, dependent, or research variables? There is an independent variable and dependent variable associated with this study. The independent variable is the experimental arm (MT session). The dependent variable is the control arm (standard medical care). c) What are the conceptual definitions of the major variables (Hint: from the review of literature)? The conceptual definition of the major variables is the correlation in using therapeutic MT and a decrease in respiration, heart rate, stress, anxiety, depression, and overall emotional burden of the hospitalized patient. It is suggested that the use of MT is a cost saving and minimally invasive approach to decrease hospitalization, addressing pain, nausea and anxiety (Gallagher et al, 2018). d) What are the operational definitions of the major variables? (Hint: you may find this information in the ROL or in the “Methods” section of the article). The operational definitions of the variables are the instruments used to measure mood, pain, anxiety, and nausea that were administered by the research assistant or investigator daily. The patients were asked to complete before and after MT sessions. The self-reported variables were scored on a numeric based scale. Data was also collected from the inpatient pharmacy to record usage of medications by the patients. e) Did the author identify any extraneous variables? If so, briefly describe. No extraneous variables were reported. f) List the demographic variables that are identified in the study. (Do not describe the sample characteristics here). The following demographic variables were evaluated in the study, age, gender, race, primary diagnosis, and type of surgery. Question #7. Research Design (For help with these questions, refer to chapters 1, 10, 11 & 18) a) Is the design type descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental, or experimental.
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  • Fall '16
  • Denise Cauble
  • Nursing, Orthopedic surgery, Bone fracture, Arthroscopy

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