2 a final draft that demonstrates an ability at least

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2. A final draft that demonstrates an ability, at least an effort made, to display thought and application or argument and application , in 119, to systematically exemplify a thesis that compares, contrasts, describes, argues, or declares a process; in 120 to argue a clear, direct, and critical argumentative thesis in college essay form, achieving a final draft that is predominantly free of incoherence, vernacular, incorrect speech form rather than correct essay form, free of the habits of documentary or speech form (which include vernacular, conversational habits, over- dependence on visual cues), free of informality, spelling and grammatical error, free of syntactical error, cliché, slang, fallacy, ad hominem, redundancy, and oversimplification. While perfection is not necessary or even possible, a crucial element is a demonstration of diligence , rigor
, and effort made . The very purpose of a college and university education is the acquiring and the habitual use of these very skills and principles in a process of close reading of texts, and practice with extended readings of varied texts in a process of coming to understand deeper levels of meaning in texts, doing academic work such as note taking and research, such as evaluation of research sources, and such as learning to identify core reasoning among authors as well as learning to identify the structure of authors' arguments. This includes the development of study habits, and the practice and strengthening of academic rigor in formal composition. I will definitely talk more about drafting next week in lecture 3. If you are not familiar with all of the words used in that drafting outline don't worry, I will look at it in detail next week. Vocabulary is
one of the things this course focuses on--building your college vocabulary. You need to go through the process of drafting with all the essay assignments but particularly with your FORMAL papers. INFORMAL papers are less strict, and if you are sticking closely to essay form you may find you don't need to focus as much on drafting. 4. Text Based Knowledge I have spoken a great deal in this lecture about being 'academic' and about the less useful aspects of 'opinion', as well as the value of being objective and rational. All of these things point to the fact that in advanced composition the value of speculation and of experience and beliefs are not the values 119 and 120 focus on. We focus on TEXT BASED facts, research, and data. Opinion : knowledge based on experience, beliefs, habit, consensus, and prejudice
Consensus : knowledge based on what most people think and say Data : information that is a collection of observation of the physical and the rational world, for instance, 'Earth has only one moon', or, '2+2 = 4'. Information : Data that has been interpreted or used to arrive at facts that can be trusted or used to support claims (or a thesis) Fact : Information that has been established as trustworthy, testable, provable, and true to the scientific method.

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