In 1830 in an argument in the Senate over land sales and tariffs Senator Robert

In 1830 in an argument in the senate over land sales

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In 1830, in an argument in the Senate over land sales and tariffs, Senator Robert Y. Hayne of South Carolina defended Nullification doctrine and proposed an alliance of Southern and Western congressmen to control policy Hayne was widely seen as Calhoun’s spokesman In “Webster’s Second Reply to Hayne,” Daniel Webster of Massachusetts derailed the idea of such a coalition and attacked Nullification as treason In contrast to the position of Calhoun and the Southerners, Webster stated a nationalist argument that the Union was created directly by the people, not indirectly by the states Nullification and secession threatened that Union His speech ended, “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”
JEFFERSON BIRTHDAY BANQUET The Democrats continued a Republican tradition of a banquet every 13 April on Jefferson’s birthday In 1830, it was managed by Robert Y. Hayne who arranged to force Jackson into a statement on the tariffs and Nullification Jackson would give a toast after a series of planned toasts stating pro-Nullification and States’ Rights sentiments Martin Van Buren made sure Jackson knew about it and prepared a response
THE UNION . . . Jackson became so angry he initially messed up. His final toast was, “Our federal Union, it must be preserved!” This made plain he opposed Nullification Calhoun responded with, “The Union— next our liberty, most dear. May we always remember it may only be preserved by distributing equally the benefits and burthens of the Union” This stated Calhoun’s commitment to States’ Rights over nationalism
FLORIDA After the Jefferson Birthday Banquet, some of Jackson’s friends told him a secret that even Van Buren had been hiding Jackson had believed it was Calhoun as secretary of war that saved him from prosecution when he invaded Florida in 1819 and Calhoun had let him believe it Van Buren and others found out the truth in 1828, but kept the information from Jackson to avoid a rift Told that it was Adams who had saved him, Jackson received confirmation from William H. Crawford and John Forsyth of Augusta, Georgia He confronted Calhoun, who not only lied in response, but took the fight into the newspapers This was the final straw between Jackson and Calhoun
KITCHEN CABINET Van Buren complained to Jackson that people would think he had exposed Calhoun to supplant him When Jackson was satisfied as to Van Buren’s loyalty, he told him not to worry With so much trouble, Jackson forced his Cabinet to resign and replaced it with men he could ignore Jackson ran his administration through an informal group of men he trusted called the Kitchen Cabinet Jackson tried to reward Van Buren with an appointment as minister to Great Britain, but this was blocked by Clay, Webster and Calhoun Jackson vowed to break them and made Van Buren his vice-presidential running mate and chosen successor in 1832
NULLIFICATION CRISIS

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