on, showed that clients who perceived that the counselor was acting with genuine unconditional positive regard did change (Quinn, 2015). After the Wisconsin project the philosophical approach to unconditional positive regard was that if a person has felt fully accepted he cannot help changing. In the sessions the counselor was a genuine alter ego to the client in distress and becomes a nurturing companion/ active listener (Anderson, 2001). Therapeutic Relationship. During the therapeutic process, the client and counselor have created an alliance based on trust (Corey, 2013). According to Anderson (2001), every therapeutic alliance should be unique as each client has his own individual needs. The conversations between the client and counselor aided in solving the problem (Corey, 2013). When an alliance has been established the client can feel he has power. Basic trust in the client’s knowledge of self, that he has an understanding of what is wrong and can make his own goals, was the foundation of nondirective therapy; therefore, the therapist has no need to direct the client (Kirschenbaum, 2012). Due to person-centered drifting from an analytical approach and clients having the ability to make their own choices, the approach has become about empowering the individual (Johnson, 2011). Clients being empowered have the right to make their own choices, and the goal has been to increase self- determination regarding decisions in life (Jacobs, 2015). A healthy and successful alliance depended upon the therapist ensuring a nonjudgmental environment where the client felt free to express emotions which were empathically reflected by the therapist. Within session the therapist maintained an indirect and non-authoritarian approach (Lee, 2011). The client has had the need to be accepted, and the therapist within the encounter has fulfilled the client’s need by totally accepting what the words of the client (Lee, 2011).
8 Evolution After Rogers’s departure from academia practitioners of person-centered therapy began fitting the theory. (Quinn, 2015). Cooper and McLeod (2010) suggested that different client would benefit using various techniques within the therapeutic process. The use of multiple techniques in aiding a client was recommended based upon Rogers’s publications which stated, “I hope we’re always on the move to a new theory, new ways of being, to new areas of dealing with situations, new ways of being with persons” (as cited in Kirschenbaum, 2012, p. 18). While Rogers resisted organizations and defining the meaning of person-centered in life, he wanted the person-centered approach to continue developing. Rogers insisted that defining a client- centered/ person-centered approach would cause the cause stagnation which would make establishing an orthodoxy almost impossible (Kirschenbaum, 2012). Modern person-centered therapists have integrated techniques from various therapeutic theories while using Rogers’s conditions (Quinn, 2015).
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