Filters for interpreting hadiths filter idea derived

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FILTERS FOR INTERPRETING HADITHS(Filter idea derived by Jonathan Brown, but they are consistent with Arabic rhetoric)Since it is confirmed that the main mission of the holy Prophet is to convey the messageof Allah, SWT, it is obvious that his words should not contradict the clear statement of the holyQur’an itself. Also, Allah, SWT, says that the holy Prophet Muhammad, SAW, was sent to be amercy to the whole universe (Q21 verse 107). This also implies that his Sunnah should not bringharm to mankind. With these two criteria, Islamic Jurist are able to filter and authenticate anystatement credited to the holy Prophet Muhammad, SAW. 1.Severity means discouragement or prohibition.Certain statements of the holy Prophet are only meant to discourage people fromdoing certain things. Such Hadith should not be interpreted to mean a forbidden act thatwarrant severe punishment from Allah, SWT. For example, passing in front of someonein prayer, it has been reported on the authority of Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudriy, who said that
8he heard the Messenger of Allah, SAW, saying: “When anyone prays towards somethingthat serves as a partition between him and people and someone intends to pass in front ofhim, let him prevent him, but if he refuses, let him fight him for such a person is adevil.” [Agreed upon.]This Hadith might sounds like telling the believers to stop the prayer and thenfight that person that intends to pass but are you really being asked to break yourprayer to stop someone walking in front of you, (which won’t invalidate your prayer bythe walking), but the second walk-through is an act of pride or a “devilish” act. Since weknow that Allah, SWT, Himself is the one who named the religion “Islam” (Q5 verse 3)which simply means “Peace” then, fighting someone just for passing in front of youcontradict the message of the Qur’an. So, such Hadith is just to discourage people fromwalking in front of someone praying. It is one of the hyperbolical nature of the Propheticspeech.Another example is the Hadith that talks about burning down house of the men who missed payer.The holy Prophet, Muhammad, SAW, was reported to have said: “Verily, the most burdensome of prayers upon the hypocrites are the night prayer (Isha prayer) and dawn prayer (Fajr Salat). If they knew the blessings that are in them, they would come to them even if they had to crawl. Certainly, I felt like ordering the prayer to be establishedand commanding a man to lead the people in prayer, then I would go with some men with firewood to the people who were absent from the prayer and I would burn their houses with fire. Sahih al-Bakari: kitab al-Ahkam, bab53
9Again, could it be possible that the holy Prophet, Muhammad, SAW, who happens to be ablessing and mercy to the whole world now ordered anyone to burn down the house of other people or to even be the one to champion that devilish act? The answer is no.

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