5 red herring at least with respect to the shoes 6

Info icon This preview shows pages 9–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
5. Red herring, at least with respect to the shoes. 6. Begging the question ▲7. No fallacy 8. Slippery slope 9. False dilemma, the way it’s stated; we could also understand slippery slope. ▲10. False dilemma 11. Red herring. (We’d identify the distracting issue as the question of what’s “natural.”) 12. Easy: just invoke the line-drawing fallacy (false dilemma)! ▲13. Genetic fallacy and/or red herring 14. False dilemma 15. No fallacy ▲16. Line-drawing fallacy (false dilemma) 17. False dilemma 18. Straw man ▲19. Inconsistency ad hominem 20. No fallacy Exercise 7-13 Just a few comments here: In (1), “Always been this way” is a form of appeal to popularity—actually, an appeal to tradition, a popular tradition. (2), (3) and (4) all contain nonsequiturs, but we don’t see them as rising to the level of fallacies as described in the chapter—but we wouldn’t quibble with calling them IM – 6&7 | 9
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
red herrings. (5) ends with a false dilemma. (7) is an inconsistency ad hominem; (8) contains a straw man if taken the least bit seriously, but more likely it’s just hyperbole. “A little out of control” is doubtless euphemistic; “going way too far” may be taken as question-begging. In (10) there’s the dysphemism “narc” and also a false assumption; (11) is a very nice case of perfectionist fallacy. (12) and (16) are reasonable enough to give comfort, but (13) is simple- minded enough to make a person weep. (14) states a truth and a nonsequitur; and we think we could sell (15) as a bumper sticker. Exercise 7-14 We think the facts alleged against Seitz should call into question his contribution to the Petition Project, but it would be an ad hominem to claim that they showed that Project false. Exercise 7-17 ▲1. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 2. Slippery slope 3. Red herring 4. Misplaced burden of proof ▲5. Apple polishing 6. No fallacy. (The appeal is to a belief in science, which is a reasonable one.) 7. Taking Ben’s remark as a comment on Kirsti’s, it’s a red herring. Otherwise, it’s just a remark. 8. Smokescreen or red herring; that he was criticized is irrelevant to whether he was a good chair. ▲9. “Argument” from pity and “argument” from outrage 10. False dilemma (unless all non-Christians are sinners) 11. Smokescreen/red herring 12. Smokescreen/red herring; the answer never approaches the question. ▲13. Poisoning the well 14. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 15. Slippery slope ▲16. Ad hominem (inconsistency) 17. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 18. a. Circumstantial ad hominem b. Red herring (in Chapter 11 we'll call this anecdotal evidence) c. Straw man d. Circumstantial ad hominem Exercise 7-18 IM – 6&7 | 10
Image of page 10
▲1. This is an example of misplaced burden of proof. The fact that the airplane builders might be cutting corners is not evidence that they are in fact cutting corners. The speaker’s contention that the manufacturers may be tempted to cut corners may be good grounds for scrutinizing their operations, but it’s not good grounds for the conclusion that they really are cutting corners.
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern