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Red herring or argument from pity with regard to the

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3. Red herring or argument from pity with regard to the company’s product. Compare with the next exercise. ▲4. No fallacy. Notice that the passage is designed to attack the company, not the company’s product. The wages it pays are relevant to the point at issue. 5. Red herring, at least with respect to the shoes. 6. Begging the question ▲7. No fallacy 8. Slippery slope 9. False dilemma, the way it’s stated; we could also understand slippery slope. ▲10. False dilemma 11. Red herring. (We’d identify the distracting issue as the question of what’s “natural.”) 12. Easy: just invoke the line-drawing fallacy (false dilemma)! ▲13. Genetic fallacy and/or red herring 14. False dilemma 15. No fallacy ▲16. Line-drawing fallacy (false dilemma) 17. False dilemma 18. Straw man ▲19. Inconsistency ad hominem 20. No fallacy Exercise 7-13 Just a few comments here: In (1), “Always been this way” is a form of appeal to popularity—actually, an appeal to tradition, a popular tradition. (2), (3) and (4) all contain nonsequiturs, but we don’t see them as rising to the level of fallacies as described in the chapter—but we wouldn’t quibble with calling them IM – 6&7 | 9
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red herrings. (5) ends with a false dilemma. (7) is an inconsistency ad hominem; (8) contains a straw man if taken the least bit seriously, but more likely it’s just hyperbole. “A little out of control” is doubtless euphemistic; “going way too far” may be taken as question-begging. In (10) there’s the dysphemism “narc” and also a false assumption; (11) is a very nice case of perfectionist fallacy. (12) and (16) are reasonable enough to give comfort, but (13) is simple- minded enough to make a person weep. (14) states a truth and a nonsequitur; and we think we could sell (15) as a bumper sticker. Exercise 7-14 We think the facts alleged against Seitz should call into question his contribution to the Petition Project, but it would be an ad hominem to claim that they showed that Project false. Exercise 7-17 ▲1. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 2. Slippery slope 3. Red herring 4. Misplaced burden of proof ▲5. Apple polishing 6. No fallacy. (The appeal is to a belief in science, which is a reasonable one.) 7. Taking Ben’s remark as a comment on Kirsti’s, it’s a red herring. Otherwise, it’s just a remark. 8. Smokescreen or red herring; that he was criticized is irrelevant to whether he was a good chair. ▲9. “Argument” from pity and “argument” from outrage 10. False dilemma (unless all non-Christians are sinners) 11. Smokescreen/red herring 12. Smokescreen/red herring; the answer never approaches the question. ▲13. Poisoning the well 14. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 15. Slippery slope ▲16. Ad hominem (inconsistency) 17. Perfectionist fallacy (false dilemma) 18. a. Circumstantial ad hominem b. Red herring (in Chapter 11 we'll call this anecdotal evidence) c. Straw man d. Circumstantial ad hominem Exercise 7-18 IM – 6&7 | 10
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▲1. This is an example of misplaced burden of proof. The fact that the airplane builders might be cutting corners is not evidence that they are in fact cutting corners. The speaker’s contention that the manufacturers may be tempted to cut corners may be good grounds for
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