Difficult to maintain political stability o

This preview shows page 20 - 23 out of 50 pages.

Difficult to maintain political stabilityo Duplication of function in the same issue areasDivisions of Power in CanadaFederalo Trade, commerce, postal services, census and stats, military, navigation, first nationsProvincialo Healthcare, municipal institutions, prisons, property, civil rights, education, taxationConcurrent (shared)o Agriculture, immigration, old pensions, amending constitutions, national resources“Equalization” in CanadaCompensation given to more needy regions in a political system in order to create a general state of parityOften a source of conflict among provinceso E.g. resources wealth in Newfoundland and AlbertaThe division of Powers in CanadaReservation: occurs when a lieutenant governor puts provincial legislation up for the federal cabinets considerationDisallowance: occurs when provincial legislation is rejected or vetoed by the federal cabinet
Declaratory power: federal government power to take control of any local project if it decides that this would be for the greater national goodQuebec and CanadaAll provinces are “distinct” from one another, but is Quebec more distinctClearly, language and culture places Quebec in a separate categoryQuebec did not agree with constitutional repatriationConfederal SystemsMore powers to regional entities than in federal systemsThe central government has no final authority to override the regions wishes or powerNo states in world in this categoryFrom EEC to EU in 1993From economic to political unionSingle marketFreedom of movementCommon charter of fundamental rights Shared institutionsSeeking security: the EUNot all of Europe, but 28 states in Western, Northern, Eastern and Southern EuropeEU movement has been around for a log time, but real developments took place after WW2European ParliamentParliamentary assembly for the EU754 MEP’s elected directly by citizens of the EU member stateso reflects size of countriesHas legislative power, responsible for democratic supervision over all EU institutions, and authority over the EU budgetCouncil of the EUMain decision making institutions of the EU made up of ministers from the EU national governmentso For instance: health, industry on legislation and budgetShares power with parliament on legislation and budgetAll 28 states representedConsociationalismGovernment by elite cartel designed to turn a democracy with a fragmented political culture into a stable democracyNon geographically based forms of power sharingWho Votes, who doesn’t
A little HistoryRight to vote is not always fully “democraticSuffrage (granting of the right to vote) has been evolutionary, where some groups were not necessarily given the same rights–e.g., women, minorities, AboriginalsHypothesis as to why Turnout is decliningHypothesis 1: Simple apathy, particularly among youngHypothesis 2

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 50 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
david

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture