Alienated northerners avoided radical reconstruction

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Alienated Northerners, avoided radical reconstruction and corruption ii) Republicans opposing Grant formed the Liberal Republicans; supported democrat nominee Horace Greeley, but Grant won reelection b) The Grant Scandals i) Grant scandal involved the French helping build the Union Pacific Railroad. Company heads’ contracts cost the government and Union Pacific millions. Stock given to congress members to stop investigation c) The Greenback Question i) Grant’s and nation’s problems confounded by Panic of 1873- began with failure of investment bank, later debtors wanted government to redeem war bonds with greenbacks ii) Grant and Republicans wanted tangible assets like gold, no paper money 5) The Abandonment of Reconstruction a) Southern States “Redeemed” i) By 1872 nearly all Southern whites regained suffrage, worked as majority to overthrow Repubs. In areas of black majority whites used intimidations and violence to prevent blacks from political activity ii) Klan led by former Confederate General Nathan Forrest. Worked to advance interest of those who would gain from
white supremacy- mainly planter class and Democratic party. Most of all, however, economic pressure used b) Republican Diplomacy i) Republicans tried to stop white repression, 1870 passed Enforcement Acts (known as Ku Klux Klan Acts)- prohibited states from discriminating against voters on race, fed govt given power to prosecute violations. Allowed pres to use military to protect civil rights, suspend habeas corpus in some situations c) The Ku Klux Klan i) Republicans tried to stop white repression, 1870 passed Enforcement Acts (known as Ku Klux Klan Acts)- prohibited states from discriminating against voters on race, fed govt given power to prosecute violations. Allowed pres to use military to protect civil rights, suspend habeas corpus in some situations )Waning Northern Commitment i)Enforcement Acts peak of Repub enforcement of Reconstruction. After 1870 adoption of 15 th Amdt many in N felt blacks should take care of themselves. Support for Liberal Democrats grew, some moves into Democratic Party ii)Panic of 1873 undermined Reconstruction support further, N industrialists explained poverty and instability thru “Social Darwinism” where those who suffered did so b/c of own weakness. Viewed poor blacks in this light, favored little govt intervention to help. Depleted treasury led ppl to want to spend little on freedmen, poor state govts cut back on social services iii)In Congressional elections of 1874 Dems won majority in House for first time since 1861, Grant used army to maintain Repub control in SC, FL, LA d)The Compromise of 1877 i)In 1876 elections Repubs sought new candidate to distance from corruption and attract Liberals back- chose Rutherford B Hayes, Dems chose Sam Tilden ii)Tilden won popular vote but dispute over 20 electoral votes from 3 states.

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