The iranian prime minister that attempted to

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71The Iranian Prime Minister that attempted to nationalize the oil industry in1951 wasMohammad Mosaddeq. Ayatollah Khomeini.General NasserMahmoud Ahmadinejad.Mohammad Khatami. 72Iran's revolutionquickly led to better relations with its neighbor,Iraq. 73Relations between revolutionary Iran and the United States wereconfrontational for all of the followingexcept
Americans were held hostage in Tehran. the Iranian government's demand that the Shah be returned so he could be put on trial. President Jimmy Carter's freezing of Iranian economic assets in the United States. America ended the purchase of Iranian oil. 74 75After the election of Mohammad Khatami, most Iranian moderates had given up hope, given the absolute power of theMuslim clerics.believed that significant liberalization of Iraniansociety was at least a possibility.began to make plans for a possibly violentrevolution against the conservatives.had fled the country, seeking exile abroad.hoped for military intervention by the United Statesin their battle against the Islamic conservatives. 76Tensions between Iran and Iraq escalated because ofIraq's Shi'ite government's opposition to Iran'sSunni Moslem leadership. 77The 1990 victim of Saddam Hussein's ambition to build a "greater Iraq" was
Jordan. Kuwait. the United Arab Emirates. 78 Saddam Hussein survived his defeat in the Gulf War because the victors feared a totally destroyed Iraq would tilt the Middle East balance of power towards Israel. the victors, including the United States, lacked the military resources to drive Hussein from power. Israel was more fearful of Iran than Iraq. the victors feared that a breakup of the country might ultimately benefit Iran. the belief that Hussein had learned his lesson and would now be a "good neighbor."

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