e.Low places: swamps, crowds, fog, darkness, fields, heat, unpleasantness, people, life, deathf.High places: snow, ice, purity, thin air, clear views, isolation, life, death 20.…So Does Season
a.Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter: youth, adulthood, middle age, old age/deathb.Spring: fertility, life, happiness, growth, resurrection (Easter)c.Fall: harvest, reaping rewards/punishmentsd.Winter: hibernation, lack of growth, death, punishmente.Christmas: childhood, birth, hope, family 21.Marked for Greatness i.Frankenstein: real monster is the makerii.Faust: bargains with devil in exchange for souliii.Dr. Jekyll/Mr. Hyde: dual human natureiv.Quasimodo, Beauty and the Beast: physicaldeformity opposite of truth 22.He’s Blind for a Reason, You Know 23.It’s Never Just Heart Disease...26.Is He Serious? And Other Ironies Irony trumps everythingIrony doesn’t work for every readerculturally specific: if lost in translation, may not be recognized (offensive)24.…And Rarely Just Illnessa.Tuberculosis frequent (picturesque, mysterious, metaphorically rich); cholera rare (just gross; intestinal illness just isn’t sexy)i.Tuberculosis, the “wasting disease,” gothic, translucent skin ii.Physical paralysis: moral, social, spiritual, political paralysisiii.Plague: divine wrath; communal, large-scale suffering; isolation/despair created by wholesale destruction; puniness of humanity against indifferent natural worldiv.Malaria: “bad air” with attendant metaphorical possibilitiesv.Venereal disease: immorality OR innocence; suffer because of another’s immorality (spouse or baby) exploitation of womenvi.AIDS: modern plague; lies dormant for years, victims unknowing carriers of death, disproportionately hits young people, poor, marginalized; shows compassion or intolerancevii.The generic fever that carries off a child25.Don’t Read with YourEyesa.Enter reality of the book; understand the text as having been written against its own social, historical, cultural, and personal backgroundb.Don’t have to accept values of another culture to step into a story and recognize universal qualitiespresent 27. Test Case: A Reading of “The Garden Party” by Katherine Mansfield
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- Fall '14
- Literature, Sarcasm, Thomas C. Foster, mid 20th c.