B enjoy punishment so punishment actually acts as a

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b. enjoy punishment, so punishment actually acts as a reward. c. do not understand that the punishment is connected to their behavior. d. have never experienced punishment before so are unlikely to be responsive to it. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.4c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 5, Professional Development 84. People who lack empathy for others they hurt, who do dangerous things just for fun, and who tend to seek immediate gratification a. cannot be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder. b. can be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder even if they have not committed a crime. c. can be diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder if their problems become so serious that they begin committing crimes. d. can be diagnosed with narcissistic personality disorder but not with antisocial personality disorder. ANS: B DIF: Difficult OBJ: 13.4c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking 85. Ted, the president of a multimillion-dollar corporation, is charming and intelligent. However, he has an inflated sense of his own power and worth. He recently fired thousands of his employees impulsively and did not feel bad about it at all because he made a lot of money, which is very important to him. Ted is typically very glib and hard-hearted during interpersonal interactions. Ted’s wife is convinced that he has _______ traits. a. histrionic b. psychopathic c. borderline d. narcissistic
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ANS: B DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.4c MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 86. Ralph sometimes experiences disruptions to his identity, memory, and conscious awareness. Because of this he may be diagnosed with a. avoidant personality disorder. b. borderline personality disorder. c. a dissociative disorder. d. schizophrenia. ANS: C DIF: Easy OBJ: 13.4d MSC: Remembering NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 87. Miguel woke up one morning in a strange hotel in Detroit. He has no memory of how he got there and cannot remember his name or where he is actually from. Based on this, Miguel is most likely suffering from dissociative a. amnesia. b. personality disorder. c. identity disorder. d. fugue. ANS: D DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.4d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 88. Janelle is in jail for assault but she consistently tells the police that she does not remember arguing with her boyfriend or hitting him with her car. In fact, she cannot remember anything that happened over the last 2 days. If Janelle is telling the truth, then she may be experiencing dissociative a. amnesia. b. personality disorder. c. identity disorder. d. fugue. ANS: A DIF: Moderate OBJ: 13.4d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology 89. Throughout her childhood, Carmella has experienced problems affecting her emotions and learning ability. It is most likely that Carmella is experiencing a a. personality disorder.
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