Baekje Baekje was founded by Onjo a Goguryeo prince and the third son of the

Baekje baekje was founded by onjo a goguryeo prince

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Baekje Baekje was founded by Onjo, a Goguryeo prince and the third son of the founder of Goguryeo, in 18 BC. [92][93][94][95] The Sanguo Zhi mentions Baekje as a member of the Mahan confederacy in the Han River basin (near present-day Seoul). It expanded into the southwest (Chungcheong and Jeolla provinces) of the peninsula and became a signi fi cant political and military power. In the process, Baekje came into fi erce confrontation with Goguryeo and the Chinese commanderies in the vicinity of its territorial ambitions. At its peak in the 4th century during the reign of King Geunchogo, Baekje absorbed all of the Mahan states and subjugated most of the western Korean peninsula (including the modern provinces of Gyeonggi, Chungcheong, and Jeolla, as well as part of Hwanghae and Gangwon) to a centralized government. Baekje acquired Chinese culture and technology through maritime contacts with the Southern Dynasties during the expansion of its territory. [96] Baekje was a great maritime power; [97] its nautical skill, which made it the Phoenicia of East Asia, was instrumental in the dissemination of Buddhism throughout East Asia and continental culture to Japan. [98][99] Baekje played a fundamental role in transmitting cultural developments, such as Chinese characters, Buddhism, iron-making, advanced pottery, and ceremonial burial to ancient Japan. [63][100][101][102][103][104][105] Other aspects of culture were also transmitted when the Baekje court retreated to Japan after Baekje was conquered by the Silla Tang alliance. Baekje was once a great military power on the Korean Peninsula, especially during the time of Geunchogo, [106] but was critically defeated by Gwanggaeto the Great and declined. [107] Ultimately, Baekje was defeated by a coalition of Silla and Tang forces in 660. [108] Silla According to legend, the kingdom of Silla began with the uni fi cation of six chiefdoms of the Jinhan confederacy by Bak Hyeokgeose in 57 BC, in the southeastern area of Korea. Its territory included the present-day port city of Busan, and Silla later emerged as a sea power responsible for destroying Japanese pirates, especially during the Uni fi ed Silla period. [109]
2017/3/1 History of Korea - Wikipedia 8/34 Down-sized replica of the famous 80 meter tall pagoda at Hwangnyongsa Temple which was destroyed by the Mongols The pagoda of Bunhwangsa temple, 634 AD, which once stood seven to nine stories in height, yet these collapsed to its current state of three stories Silla artifacts, including unique gold metalwork, show in uence from the northern nomadic steppes, with less Chinese in uence than are shown by Goguryeo and Baekje. [110] Silla expanded rapidly by occupying the Nakdong River basin and uniting the city-states. By the 2nd century, Silla was a large state, occupying and in uencing nearby city states. Silla gained further power when it annexed the Gaya confederacy in 562. Silla often faced pressure from Goguryeo, Baekje and Japan, and at various times allied and warred with Baekje and Goguryeo.

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