Both sexes agree to intercourse for nonsexual motives Men need to fill their

Both sexes agree to intercourse for nonsexual motives

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Both sexes agree to intercourse for nonsexual motives: Men need to fill their masculinity Women obliged to give in to preserve the relationship o Rape/Coercion What causes men to rape? Evolution of animals Narcissism/Hostility o Can be with either men or women o Believe men overpower women Desire to Dominate, Humiliate, or Punish o Originally came from USA Air Force academy to rape the women, so they’d be embarrassed and leave Sadism o Rapists are violent criminals who get pleasure out of inflicting pain on their victims Cultures differ widely in determining what parts of their body people learn to be erotic Sexual Script: set of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behaviour for a person in a given situation, varying with the person’s gender, age, religion, social status, and peer group Gender Roles: collections of rules that determine the proper attitudes for and behaviour for men and women o Gender, Culture, and Sex Gender differences and growing similarities are strongly effective by cultural and economic factors: Ratio of women to men Resulting availability of partners Sexual behaviours have been coming more alike Women wanting sex for pleasure, so more availability (prostitutes) Biological/Psychological reason have not been supported Genetic and hormonal factors are involved (more so for gay people) Great variation in the expression of homosexuality and women’s seems more fluid than men’s. Motives to Achieve: Thematic Apperception Test: (TAT)
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o A projective test that asks respondents to interpret a series of drawings showing scenes of people; usually scored for unconscious motives, such the need for achievement, power, or affiliation o Does not have a strong test-retest reliability, meaning its dependent on what’s happening in that current moment in their life Goals: o Goal will improve your motivation and performance if: Goal is specific Goal is Challenging Goal is framed in terms of getting what you want rather than avoiding what you do not want Approach Goals : goals framed in terms of desired outcomes or experiences, such as learning to scuba dive o These are better because they allow you to focus on what you can actively do to accomplish them and the intrinsic effects of the activity o People with these have a greater well-being, better health, and better sexual relations Avoidance Goals: goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences, such as trying not look foolish in public Performance Goals – concerned primarily being judged favourably and avoiding criticism Mastery Goals – concerned with increasing their competence and skills and finding intrinsic pleasure in what they are learning Powerful intrinsic motivators at all levels of education and throughout life Work Motivation: Depends on the circumstances of the job Incentive pay is more effective than predictable raises
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