Womens economic independence partially responsible

This preview shows page 33 - 37 out of 88 pages.

Women’s economic independence partially responsible for a feline ° Expectation of equity Fairness and balance of power o Social exchange model – when forming relationships people are motivated to maximize their benefits and minimize their costs The happiest couple are those in which partners are providing each other with many rewarding experiences and few costly ones ° Expectation of commitment Commitment
o Personal dedication to the relationship, a desire to maintain and improve the relationship for the benefit of both parties ° Expectation of sexual access Consummate the marriage Sex after marriage is a continuation of an already existing sexual relationship More sex, but becomes less frequent ° February 27, 2015 – Who Marries Whom? ° Marriage marketplace People offer something of value for sale while they shop for what they like o Gary Becker (1973) – exchange theory Two parts Two assumptions o Voluntary – only marry if they only think it will improve their lives o Competition (for spouses) 3 problems with Becker’s model o Desires may be in conflict Sexual attraction, economic potential He’s very attractive but he doesn’t make any money and can’t hold down a stable job o People are not always rational o Choices are very constrained People don’t have as many choices like cars ° The marriage market The social space in which people search for potential marriage partners Three components o Supply: how many people are looking for a spouse in a given time Hard to tell if someone is in the market or not due to cohabitation o Preferences: what spousal characteristics are in demand These are the things I want in a partner
o Resources: what characteristics do you have that may be appealing Deal breakers: opposite of preferences Ex: smoking Exchange theory o People assess costs and benefits; choose to get married because they’re getting more out of it than they think they’re putting in ° Specialization model Specialization model o Model of the marriage market in which women specialize in housework and child care and men specialize in paid work outside of the home o Parsons and Becker Theory of international trade Women have resources o Ability to bear kids, childrearing, performance of domestic duties, sexual accessibility and physical attractiveness Exchange with men o Protection, status, and economic support What about today? ° Most important factors today? Top of list: o Love o Education/intelligence o Sociability Bottom of the list o Good cook o Chastity ° Bargaining in a changing society Specialization no longer fits the marriage market o Both place importance on companionship and intimacy o Men place more importance on women’s earning power o Men place less importance on women’s domestic skills o Women places less important on signs that a man is a good provider
° The income pooling model (IPM)

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture