Was also influenced by his islamic background and

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influenced by his Islamic background, and wrote about his experience in modern Africa pre- and post-colonialization. His greatest work is “Season of Migration to the Northabout a man who returns home from Europe and his experiences of being back. 19-Ghassan Kanafani (1936-1972) was a Palestinian writer and leading member of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). His writing was considered lucid and straightforward, using narrative techniques such as flashbacks and various voices, which was advanced at the time for Arabic fiction. His work depicted Zionist aggression against Palestinian victims. He was assassinated by the Mossad. oNotable work: Men in the Sun, one of the most admired and quoted works in modern Arabic fiction, about Palestinian lives during the nakba 20-Ahmad Shawki (1868-1932) was an Egyptian poet, known to be one of the great Arabic poets of all time. He pioneered the modern Egyptian literary movement, most notably introducing the genre of poetic epicsto the Arabic literary tradition. Later on in his career, he would indulge in his religious believes and write poems about the prophet. Healso wrote plays, tragedies and comedies. oTragedy: The Death of Cleopatra 21-Taha Hussein(1889-1973) was a highly influential figure of the modernist movementin Egypt literaturewhose writings in Arabic became the first Arabic literature to be acclaimed in the West. He wrote novels, stories, criticism and social/political essays. His biggest novel was his autobiography Al Ayyam. He worked as minister of education and extended the state of education and abolished school fees. Later he would write about the plight of the poor man and governmental reforms. 22-Tawfik al-Hakim (1898-1987) was a writerand the founder of contemporary Egyptian dramaand leading figure in modern Arabic literature. He wrote “Ahl al-kahfor The
People of the Cave”, a story of human struggle against time disguised as the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus. He made the genre of Drama a respected genre in Arabic literature 23-Youssef Chahine(1926-2008) was an Egyptian film director. He was credited for launching the career of legendary Egyptian actor Omar Sharif. His films included epics such as Saladin, family dramas, dramas about life of peasants, and musicals. He also including gay and bisexual themes in his films, which at the time were controversial. He won the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival. 24-Salah Abu Seif(1915-1996) was an Egyptian filmmaker and director whose movies, noted for their realism and progressive political messages, drew criticisms from Muslim leaders and the government. Several of his films were banned, yet he was one of the most famous Arabic directors. Considered “the Godfather of realistic cinema” in Egypt.

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