MANNING_STRATEGIES_IN_GREEK-OWNED_SHIPPI.pdf

The sample consisted of 15 small sized 8 medium sized

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The sample consisted of 15 small-sized, 8 medium-sized and 6 large-sized. The descriptive statistics analysis shows mean 13.7 vessels, with minimum two and maximum 51. The 29 respondent shipping companies represent a total fleet of 397 vessels, which constituted almost 12% of the total number of Greek-owned ships. With regard to the specialisation of the ships, the companies’ fleet consisted of tankers (42%), bulk carriers (37.5%), containers (9.4%), cargo ships (8.3%) and other types of ship (2.8%). The sample is representative of the Greek-owned fleet. 6. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 6.1 Manning strategies The matter of manning strategies was initially examined regarding the current and past implemented manning policies. The alternatives were single national or multinational crew mix, with native or/and foreign nationalities. For the purpose of the analysis, manning strategies include: (i) only Greeks (GR1), (ii) mixed of Greeks and foreigners of one nationality (GRF1), (iii) mixed of Greeks and foreigners of many nationalities (GRF), (iv) only foreigners of one nationality (F1), (v) mixed of many nationalities, but Greeks (F), and (vi) other option. Results are summarised in the following table 2, and show that the most common implemented policy is the combination of two nationalities, one native (Greeks) and one foreign. It is quite interesting from the perception of cultural mix to take account of the fact that the synthesis of two foreign nationalities (F2) is perceived as an alternative from several companies. One should note that the single native crew (GR1) has been used in the past, but is totally overruled nowadays. The most important point to consider is that the single foreign crew is a policy that has been increasingly chosen nowadays. Table 3 compares size of companies and currently implemented manning strategy. It seems that size does not affect the decision of crew synthesis. Table 2. Implemented manning strategies: Past- Present (%) GR1 GRF1 GRF F1 F Other/ N/A Past 25 34 16.1 10.7 7.1 7.1 (N/A) Present 0 47.4 18.4 23.6 5.3 5.3 (mix of two foreign) Key: GR1: Only Greeks, GRF1: Mixed of Greeks and Foreigners of One nationality, GRF: Mixed of Greeks and Foreigners of many nationalities, F1: Only Foreigners of One nationality, F: Mixed of many nationalities, but Greeks. Note: It was allowed to give more than one answer. Analysis of summaries of separate variables is presented in percentages. Table 3. Manning strategies according to company size Manning Strategy/ Size GRF1 GRF F F1 Other (F2) Small (1-9 vessels) 8 3 1 3 1 Medium (10-24 vessels) 5 1 1 4 0 Large (>25 vessels) 5 3 0 2 1 Total 18 7 2 9 2 12
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Key: As above, F2: mix of two foreign nationalities. Note: Manning strategy ‘GR1’ is excluded because it is not applicable. It was allowed to give more than one answer. Analysis of summaries of separate variables is presented in values.
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