Using Health Statistics in a Pediatric Care Hospital Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a respiratory virus affecting the lungs and is the most common cause of bronchiolitis and pneumonia in children. In the United States, nearly all children become infected with RSV by age 2, resulting in 2.1 million outpatient visits and between 75,000 - 125,000 hospitalizations each year (National Institute of Health, 2019-b, para.2). Around the world, RSV affects an estimated 64 million people, causing 200,000 deaths yearly (National Institute of Health, 2019-b). RSV mortality rates have declined; however, the virus itself is a serious global health concern causing The National Institute of Allergy, and Infectious Diseases have made the research and development of an RSV vaccine a priority (National Institute of Health, 2019-b). Obtaining Data The primary sources for obtaining health statistics are surveys, administrative and medical records, claims (information collected on doctors’ appointments, bills, and insurance) data, vital records, observation, disease registries, and peer-reviewed literature. Tracking emergency room visits and admissions for RSV is one way the pediatric hospital obtains data for use in planning; thorough charting is another method of creating statistics. By using system-wide computer programing, the collected data is shared amongst the hospital, outlying clinics, and associated doctor’s offices. Application of Data Data is gathered, analyzed and shared with both the Center for Disease Control and The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. There is currently no vaccine for RSV;
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN HEALTH CARE 5 however, the statistical data gathered during EBP has allowed The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) to begin a clinical trial of an investigational vaccine to protect against RSV (National Institute of Health, 2019-b). The statistical data gathered, analyzed, and formatted into reports that are passed on to administration and management for planning purposes — tracking seasonal trends of RSV influences are beginning prophylaxis for children that are high-risk for RSV infection.
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- Spring '17
- Epidemiology, National institute of Health