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•Therapists hope that clients will regain memory of any events to help in the process of free association.
Psychodynamic Theory 2•Approach of Theory- Individual psychology •Individual psychology states that humans are anti-deterministic. There is a cause and an effect to any past event. •This theory suggest that an individual cannot be separated. “…a person is ‘indivisible’, meaning that people should be treated holistically” (Individual Psychology). •This approach aims towards client’s having a good relationship with others. “…regarding people as individual beings in need of harmony within, as well as social beings seeking harmony in relationships with others in all aspects of their lives” (Individual Psychology). •Technique of Theory•A technique used for individual psychology is to show continual encouragement. “…stimulates clients to attempt what was previously felt as impossible” (Individual Psychology). •When the therapist gives insight, the client will not feel discouraged.•Establishing a good therapeutic relationship will help the client feel more confident. This will lead to growth, confidence, pride, and eagerness to try new tasks.
Existential-Humanistic Overview•Existential-humanistic therapy focuses on the good in one’s behavior. This therapy aims to improve an individual’s image and makes them feel proud of themselves. •Two existential-humanistic approaches include existential therapy and person-centered therapy. •Key theorists for existential therapy include Frank, May, and Yolum. •Key theorist, Carl Rodgers, developed person-centered counseling. •One approach focuses on people being neither good nor bad. The view of human nature is that everyone is born alone and dies alone.•The second approach focuses on multiple views. Examples include actualizing tendency, organismic valuing, nongenuineness, incongruence, and unconditional positive regard. •Both approaches use different techniques to help clients reestablish their true identity.
Existential-Humanistic Theory 1•Approach of Theory- Existential therapy •Therapists will assist clients in improving self-awareness and self-understanding. “Humanistic and existential approaches share a belief that people have the capacity for self-awareness and choice” (Brief Humanistic and…)•A common issue in existential therapy is anxiety. Therapists will often help clients face this issue by helping them find a new behavior. “…is more interested in helping the client find philosophical meaning in the face of anxiety by choosing to think and act authentically and responsibly” (Brief Humanistic and…)•Clients are encouraged to make the most out of every day. Clients need to find meaningfulness. “…enabling people to live meaningful lives in the face of uncertainty and suffering” (Brief Humanistic and…)•Technique of Theory•A technique used for existential therapy is educating the client. Examples include teaching the client about philosophy, watching movies, and listening to music or modeling.