Semper tyrannis thus always to tyrants when he jumped

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Semper Tyrannis!" ("Thus always to tyrants!") When he jumped down onto the stage his spur caught in the American flag draped over the balcony and he fell and broke his leg. He escaped on a waiting horse and fled town. He was found several days later in a barn. He refused to come out; the barn was set on fire. Booth was shot, either by himself or a soldier. Ex Parte Milligan - 1866 - Supreme Court ruled that military trials of civilians were illegal unless the civil courts are inoperative or the region is under martial law. Radical Republicans - After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South. Wade-Davis Bill, veto, Wade-Davis Manifesto - 1864 - Bill declared that the Reconstruction of the South was a legislative, not executive, matter. It was an attempt to weaken the power of the president. Lincoln vetoed it. Wade-Davis Manifesto said Lincoln was acting like a dictator by vetoing. Joint Committee on Reconstruction (Committee of Fifteen) - Six senators and nine representatives drafted the 14th Amendment and Reconstruction Acts. The purpose of the committee was to set the pace of Reconstruction. Most were radical Republicans. Reconstruction Acts - 1867 - Pushed through congress over Johnson's veto, gave radical Republicans military control over the South - divided the South into five military zones, each headed by a general with absolute power over his district. State suicide theory - The Southern states had relinquished their rights when they seceded. This, in effect, was suicide. This theory was used to justify the North taking military control of the South. Conquered territory theory - Stated that conquered Southern states weren't part of the Union, but were instead conquered territory, which the North could deal with however they like. The unreconstructed South The South's infrastructure had been destroyed - manufacturing had almost ceased. Few banks were solvent and in some areas starvation was imminent. General Sherman had virtually destroyed large areas on his "march to the sea". Black codes - Restrictions on the freedom of former slaves, passed by Southern governments. Texas v. White - 1869 - Argued that Texas had never seceded because there is no provision in the Constitution for a state to secede, thus Texas should still be a state and not have to undergo reconstruction. Thaddeus Stevens - A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress. Charles Sumner - The same Senator who had been caned by Brooks in 1856, sumner returned to the Senate after the outbreak of the Civil War. He was the formulator of the state suicide theory, and supporter of emancipation. He was an outspoken radical Republican involved in the impeachment of Andrew Johnson.

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