1979 Israel and Egypt signed a Peace agreement Israel returned the Sinai

1979 israel and egypt signed a peace agreement israel

This preview shows page 15 - 26 out of 40 pages.

1979- Israel and Egypt signed a Peace agreement Israel returned the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt Talks between Israel and Syria failed over the issues of: Security Recognition of Israel Control of Golan Heights 15
16
Seeking Peace Continued 1993 Yasir Arafat and Israel Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed Oslo Accord Planned to give Palestinians in Gaza Strip and West Bank limited self rule under Palestinian Authority PLO recognized Israel and agreed to stop terrorism Yasir Arafat assumed responsibility of Palestinian Authority 2000- radical Palestinian groups stepped up terrorist attacks Palestinian suicide bombers and Israeli reprisals brought fear and bitterness 17
18
Overcoming Obstacles to Peace Despite distrust and fear, other obstacles remained: Land claims- many Palestinians want right to settle anywhere in Israel “Right of Return” Future of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories Jerusalem- home of religious sites to different religions Many Arabs were unwilling to recognize Israel’s right to exist 2000s- US devised a new plan “Road Map” to peace- called for two states of Israel and democratic Palestine to exist side by side 19
Overcoming Obstacles to Peace 2004 Israel planned to withdraw settlements from Gaza Plan angered some Israelis and did not satisfy Palestinians 2004-Yasir Arafat died- democratically elected successor pledged to stop Palestinian terrorist attacks 2005 Israel released hundred of Palestinian prisoners 20
Civil War Ravages Lebanon The government depended on a delicate balance among Arab Christians, Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, and Druze (Related to Islam) Christians held most power because they had the largest group at independence, but Palestinian Muslims fled to Lebanon when Israel formed and outnumbered the Christians 1975 religious tension plunged Lebanon into civil war Israel invaded southern Lebanon to stop cross-border attacks Syria occupied eastern Lebanon to secure its borders 1990- civil war ended 21
22
Iraq’s Long History of Conflict Conflict in Iraq partly due to oil wealth and ethnic diversity- during Cold War Iraq’s oil was fought over by SU and US Began to develop close ties with SU 1979- Saddam Hussein seized power in Iraq and ruled as a dictator 1980- Hussein tried to take advantage of Islamic revolution in Iran Triggered a prolonged war Hussein used chemical weapons on Kurdish civilians 23
24
The Gulf War Brings Defeat 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait to control its vast oil field and gain greater access to the Persian Gulf US said Hussein’s move was illegal but also a threat to oil resources of the Persian Gulf region President George H.W. Bush formed a coalition of Western and Middle Eastern nations- launched a

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture