Their abilities inspired composers to use complex

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Their abilities inspired composers to use complex systems other than serialism.
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Luciano Berio (1925–2003) Italian composer Berio created a series of works titled Sequenza, each for an unaccompanied solo instrument from flute to accordion. Each work was composed for a specific performer.
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Luciano Berio (1925–2003) Sequenza III for voice (1965–1966) Written for Cathy Berberian The work requires a wide range of vocal sounds: singing, humming, whispering, muttering, laughing, coughing, gasping, and clicking the tongue. Vowels, consonants, syllables, and occasional words and phrases are heard as sounds, not as carriers of meaning. The indeterminate aspects derive in part from John Cage.
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Elliott Carter (b. 1908) This American composer also wrote for virtuoso performers. He used a complex, nonserial style with innovative rhythms and forms.
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Elliott Carter (b. 1908) Carter developed a technique known as metric modulation. Transitions from one tempo and meter to another comprise intermediary stages that share aspects of both. Precise proportional changes in the value of a durational unit result.
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Elliott Carter (b. 1908) The String Quartet No. 2 (1959) Each instrumental part has a distinct personality. The instruments are differentiated by their most prominent intervals. They are also distinguished by rhythms. The first violin effects the metric modulation. The result is a counterpoint of sharply differentiated lines.
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NEW SOUNDS AND TEXTURES
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New Sounds and Textures In the postwar years, the search for new musical resources intensified, and composers turned to four avenues of exploration. New instruments, sounds, and scales Non-Western sounds and instruments Electronic music Music of texture and process
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Harry Partch (1901–1974) Partch sought out a wholly new system inspired by Chinese, Native American, Jewish, Christian, African, and rural American music.
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Harry Partch (1901–1974) He developed a new scale with forty-three notes to the octave. He built new instruments that could play in this scale, including a gourd tree. He created a number of multimedia works in which these instruments accompanied speaking and chanting voices and dancing.
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George Crumb (b. 1929) Crumb masterfully created new sounds out of ordinary instruments and objects.
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George Crumb (b. 1929) Ancient Voices of Children (1970) Four songs on poems of Federico García Lorca with two instrumental interludes Unusual sound sources: toy piano, musical saw, harmonica, mandolin, Tibetan prayer stones, Japanese temple bells, and electric piano Special effects are also obtained from the traditional instruments.
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George Crumb (b. 1929) Black Angels (1970) Written as a protest to the horror of the Vietnam War A surrealistic character is created through the imaginative use of color.
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