He was confronted byhis nobles he was cruel to his

This preview shows page 11 - 14 out of 20 pages.

He was confrontedbyhis nobles. He was crueltohis subjectand greedy. Raised taxes to finance wars. He alienatedthe church NoblesrevoltedForcedJohnto signMagnaCarta Drawnupby EnglishNobles Guaranteedcertain basicpoliticalrights To Nobles at first The magnacartasafeguardednoblesfeudalrightsand limitedthe king'spower 11
Over time english people of all classes were guaranteed rights under the Magna Carta. Rights included No taxation without representation Jury trial Protection of the law The magnacartacheckedParliament Legislavtive body is medieval England Edward 1 Needed to raise taxes for a war against the french, welsh and scots. Summoned two burgesses from every boroughand two nights from every country to serve in parliament Burgesses Citizens of wealth and property Parliament Legislative Group They met together at Westminster in London to discuss the new tax. Kings called knights and burgesses whenever a new tax was needed. In parliament two groups gradually formed House of Commons House of Lords Nobles and Bishops Parliament Checked Power The Magna Carta and Parliment were established based on the issue of hwo to end taxation without representation The Capetian Dynasty Rules France French dukes and counts ruled their land independently. Hugh Capet Undistinguisheddukefrom middle of france SucceededLouisthe Sluggard Last member of the Carolingian dynasty Ruled Paris Hugh Capetand his son, and his grandson were weakrulers. Geography favored them. Their territory lied on important trade routes in northern france. The power of the Capetian King gradually spread out from paris. Philip II Philip Augustus He wanted to weaken the power of the english kings. 12
Crafty, unprincipled, willing to do whatever Had little success against Richard the Lionhearted Increased the territory of France when King John came to power. Seized Normandy At the end of his rule he tripledhislands. First time a french king had become more powerful than any of his vassals. He wanted a strong central government Established Bailiffs Royal Officials Presided over king court Collected taxes Louis IX Grandson of Philip II Piousand Saintly Ideal King Made a saint by church. Created French Appeals court Could overturn the decision of local courts Strengthened monarchy whilst weaken feudalism. Philip IV Involved in quarrel with the pope. Pope refused to allow priest to pay taxes to the king Philip disputed pope's right to control stuff in his kingdom. Philip IV called for a meeting of his lords, bishops and surprisingly commoners to gather support Called the Estates-General Estates-general First Estate Churchleaders Second Estates Great lords Third Estate Commoners Wealthy landholders Merchants Played key role in overthrowing the French monarchy during the French revolution All three groups made up the Estates General.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture