Questions have been raised about the measurement of leadermember exchanges in

Questions have been raised about the measurement of

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Questions have been raised about the measurement of leader–member exchanges in LMX theory CHAPTER 8 Transformational leadership: gives more attention to the charismatic and affective elements of leadership Transformational leadership: process that changes and transforms people. Concerned with emotions, values, ethics, standards and long-term goals. Burns distinguished between two types of leadership: 1. Transactional: refers to the bulk of leadership models, which focus on the exchanges that occur between leaders and their followers 2. Transformational: process by which a person engages with others and creates a connection that raises the level of motivation and morality in both the leader and the follower Pseudotransformational leadership: refers to leaders who are self-consumed, exploitive, and power oriented, with warped moral values o has strong inspirational talent and appeal but is manipulative and dominates and directs followers toward his or her own values Authentic transformational leadership – socialized leadership, which is concerned with the collective good FOUR COMPONENTS OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP 1. Idealized influence 2. Inspirational motivation 3. Intellectual stimulation 4. Individualized consideration Charisma: special gift that certain individuals possess that gives them the capacity to do extraordinary things Charismatic leaders act in unique ways that have specific charismatic effects on their followers CHARACTERISTICS OF A CHARISMATIC LEADER: 1. dominant 2. strong desire to influence others
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3. self-confident 4. strong sense of one’s own moral values FIVE BEHAVIORS CHARISMATIC LEADERS DISPLAY - They are strong role models for the beliefs and values that they want their followers to adopt - They appear competent to followers - They articulate ideological goals that have moral overtones - They communicate high expectations for followers, and they exhibit confidence in followers’ abilities to meet these expectations - They arouse task-relevant motives in followers that may include affiliation, power, or esteem EFFECTS ON FOLLOWERS - Trust in leader’s ideology - Belief similarity - Unquestioning acceptance - Affection toward leader - Obedience - Identification with leader - Emotional involvement - Heightened goals - Increased confidence Charismatic leadership transforms followers’ self concepts and tries to link the identity of followers to the collective identity of the organization Bass argued that transformational leadership motivates followers to do more than expected by: o Raising followers’ levels of consciousness about the importance and value of specified and idealized goals o Getting followers to transcend their own self interest for the sake of the team or organization o Moving followers to address higher-level needs TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP FACTORS Idealized Influence/Charisma (Factor 1): emotional component. Leaders who act as strong role models for followers o Attributional: attributions of leaders made by followers based on perceptions they
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