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BIGGS (1985) explained the concept of FSA as it is a problem solving approach for the farmer. Farming system approach requires commonly homogenous type of farmers.
Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Extension Management (PGDAEM)150 It is an inter disciplinary approach. It is a participatory and bottom up planning It requires on farm trials. It depends on the concept of learning by doing and farming system approach needs socially desirable technologies. Thus the concept of Farming System Approach can be summarized as a holistic approach, complex in nature, interrelated components, matrix of soils, plants, animals, power, implements, labour, capital and other inputs, influenced by political, economic, institutional and social forces. 3.3 Definitions Farming systems approach relates to the whole farm rather than individual elements; it is driven as much by the overall welfare of farming households as by goals of yield and profitability. Farming systems are closely linked to livelihoods because agriculture remains the single most important component of most rural people’s living and also plays an important role in the lives of many people in semi-urban areas. Farming systems involve a complex combination of inputs, managed by farming families but influenced by environmental, political, economic, institutional and social factors. Research and extension institutions are increasingly aware that a holistic approach, drawing on both local and external knowledge, is necessary if they are to be effective in addressing poverty and sustainability. “ Farming System is defined as a complex inter related matrix of soil, plants, animals, implements, power, labour capital and other inputs controlled in part by farming families and influenced to varying degrees by political, economic, institutional and social forces that operate at many levels. The farming system therefore, refers to the farm as an entity of inter dependent farming enterprises carried out on the farm”. The farm is viewed in a holistic manner. The farmers are subjected to many socio-economic; biophysical, institutional, administrative and technological constraints.
New and Emerging Dimension in Agricultural ExtensionCourse-101151 3.4 Need for Farming System Approach The need for Farming Systems Approach in the present scenario is mainly due to high cost of farm inputs, fluctuation in the market price of farm produce, risk in crop harvest due to climatic vagaries and biotic factors. Environmental degradation, depletion in soil fertility & productivity, unstable income of the farmer, fragmentation of holdings and low standard of living add to the intensity of the problem. 3.5. What it is and What it does It is an approach for developing farm-household systems, built on the principles of productivity, profitability, stability and sustainability. All the components are complimentary and supplementary to each other. And the development process involves the participation of rural communities. The farming system approach