Opiate derivative opium in poppy examples used as

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/ Opiate Derivative (opium in poppy) Examples: (used as analgesic ) Codeine, Fentanyl, Heroin, Morphine, Methadone, Dilaudid, Vicodin, Percocet, OxyContin, Demerol, Etc. Assessment findings: Nausea, ALOC , Hypotension, Pinpoint Pupils , Coma, Sedation, Respiratory Depression /Arrest, Seizure Treatment: BSI, Safety, ABC’s, Request ALS If respiratory depression “ Narcan ” IN
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Abused Substances October 2014 JI 11 Stimulants Sympathomimetic “Uppers” CNS Stimulant Examples: Cocaine, Crack, Ecstasy, Speed, Fen-phen, ICE, PCP, Caffeine, Diet pills Assessment findings: Excitement, Tachycardia, Tachypnea, Elevated B/P, Dilated Pupils, Restlessness Sedative Hypnotics Barbiturates & Benzodiazepines “Downers” CNS Depressant Examples: Phenobarbital, Secobarbital, Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Rohypnol (“date rape drug”) Assessment findings: Stupor/Sleepy, Bradypnea, Decreased B/P
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Abused Substances October 2014 JI 12 Hallucinogens : alter a person’s sensory perception Examples: Mushrooms, Nutmeg, Hashish, Marijuana, LSD Assessment findings: Hallucinations, tachycardia, hypertensive, anxious, paranoid “Cannabis Sativa” Marijuana AKA: pot, grass, weed, etc. CNS depressant Assessment findings: Calm, dry eyes (red), increased hunger “Angel Dust”: Marijuana covered in crack or PCP
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Care for Substance Abuse October 2014 JI 13 Supportive care as necessary Respiratory Depression secondary to alcohol, narcotic, or barbiturate overdose is primary threat to patient Do not assume the intoxicated patient is “just another drunk” Often dehydrated and/or hypoglycemic secondary to alcohol ingestion May be malnourished Internal bleeds are more common and dangerous due to decreased liver functions
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  • Spring '17
  • Morphine, assessment findings

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