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oWhat is their argumentoThere Is a policy recommendation they want to supportoBig picture you have to aware ofo1867 act the foundating , able to implement any mode of taxationGranted provinces direct taxations
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Legally a direct tax has a name on itSales taxes are not direct taxesStore owner levies tax but not as direct as the taxes with my name on itThe supreme court has implemented direct and indirectNo border taxThey do have regulations at the border that has a taxoThe system has been fairly adapted despite rigid confinesoWe are interested in tax incidence, the economic may not have be the legal incidenceoThe federal transfers were originally fixed total sums or fixed dollar amounts per headoThe fed still sends cheque that provinces receiveoThe federal government was an important playerWarDepressionoThe Fed had to bail provinces outo1950: tax rental agreementFed did most of the taxingEssentially fed did most of the taxationEventually Qc re-established provincial authority, own taxes and more active in social policyoThe constitution: provinces education and health responsibility oMost schools and hospitals charitable instoAfter the war, in 1960s health becomes more importantoThe fed were players, but second half is more provinceso1968, encouraged the other provinces to do what Sast had doneoPartly done with conditional grantsRun it with certain rules, we will give you moneyoYou change the price of activities to the provinces, so you spend 50% less, so you buy moreo1973; pretty much all running medicare systemsoIn 1977:With fed in deficit, slow economy And expenditures under these programs expanding very rapidlyWe are going to stop 50c dollarsCaused concern, you move to the EPFNow provinces get dollar not dollars you are spendingIt depends on population and GDP growtho1957: equalizationo1984: health actNo longer federal conditions experience with different building mechanisms
Unconditional grantAnd other conditionsoFrom the 80s on, fed difficult budget problems and trying to solve themTightening policiesEven if it kept risingoGovernment supplying provisional thingsoHelp to think of local governments as the people providing the servicesoThey are somewhat more local oTransfer payments oDivision of labor of fed, provinces and territoriesoMight think of all the transfers being redistributed, receiving in kind services worth a certain amountoThe formal redistribution at the federal leveloPTL governments?oWhat happens to the green in the graph ( see report)oThese were 2 separate programs, both blocked grants combinedoGrants match GDP growthoFed takes more corporate check red and blue graphoWhat do we get out of it:The discussion in the book is goodTheories of federalismWhy or why not have transfersSubsidiarity has a key featureHuge Eu but like things done at the local level
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