X sensible heat fluxes 4 as we discussed in class the

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Sensible heat fluxes
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4. As we discussed in class, the total water vapor in the atmosphere above a given location on the earth’s surface is known as precipitable water. Choose the region that likely has the most precipitable water on average: (a) The central North Pacific (b) The U.S. Pacific Northwest (c) Southern England (d) The Amazon X
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How does precipitation formed? Where do you expect to see most precipitation?
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5. Which ocean region has the lowest salinities at the surface? •. (a) The central North Pacific •. (b) The Mediterranean •. (c) The northern North Atlantic •. (d) The western equatorial Pacific X
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What affects salinity of the ocean? Precipitation introduces more fresh water, which is less dense than saltier water.
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6. Which of the following tropical Pacific anomalies is associated with El Niño? (a) A warming near the equator in the central and eastern sectors of the Pacific (b) A warming near the equator in the western sector of the Pacific (c) An increase in equatorial upwelling in the central and eastern sectors of the Pacific (d) An increase in rainfall in the western sector of the Pacific X
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El Nino
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7. Which of the following best describes the process known as surface albedo feedback? (a) Snow and sea ice retreat as a result of warmer temperatures. This increases the surface albedo, and the resulting decrease in absorbed solar radiation reduces the initial warming. (b) Surface albedo decreases in a warming climate, reducing cloud cover, which in turn increases absorbed solar radiation and amplifies the warming. (c) Snow and sea ice retreat as a result of warmer temperatures, reducing the surface reflectivity, which results in further warming due to increased absorption of solar radiation. (d) Surface albedo increases in a warming climate, reducing cloud cover. The reduction in cloud cover decreases the strength of the planet’s greenhouse effect, reducing the initial warming.
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