Figure 6 that represent the following functional

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figure 6 that represent the following functional regionsof the cerebrum:sensory areasprimary somatosensory cortex—receivesinformation from skin receptors andproprioceptorssomatosensory association cortex—integratessensory information from primary cortexWernicke’s area—processes spoken and writtenlanguagevisual areas—consists of a primary andassociation (interpretation) area for visionauditory areas—consists of a primary andassociation area for hearingolfactory association area—interpretation ofodorsgustatory cortex—perceptions of tastemotor areasprimary motor cortex—controls skeletalmusclesmotor association (premotor) area—planningbody movementsBroca’s area—planning speech movements5.Examine figures 5 and 7 and tables 1 and 2 during thestudy of the diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum.Locate the following features using anatomical charts,dissectible models, and a human brain:diencephalonthalamus—largest portionhypothalamus—inferior portionoptic chiasma (chiasm)—optic nerves meetmammillary bodies—pair of small humpspineal gland—formed from epithalamusbrainstemmidbrain—superior region of brainstemcerebral peduncles—connects pons tocerebrumcorpora quadrigemina—four bulgespons—bulge on underside of brainstemmedulla oblongata—inferior region ofbrainstemFIGURE 6Some structural and functional areas of the left cerebral hemisphere. (Note:These areas are not visible asdistinct parts of the brain.)
(b) Superior viewAnteriorPosteriorVermisCerebellarhemisphereSuperior colliculusDiencephalonInferior colliculusCorporaquadrigeminaof midbrainMidbrainCerebral aqueductPonsFourth ventricleMedulla oblongataWhite matter(arbor vitae)Gray matter(a) Median sectionCentral canal ofspinal cord203FIGURE 7Cerebellum and brainstem (a) median section and (b) superior view of cerebellum.cerebellum—cauliflower-like appearanceright and left hemispheresvermis—connects the two hemispherescerebellar cortex—gray matter portionarbor vitae—deeper branching pattern of whitematter6.Complete Parts A, B, and C of the laboratory assessment.Procedure B—Cranial Nerves1.The cranial nerves are part of the PNS. Examine figure 8and table 3.The following mnemonic device will help you learn thetwelve pairs of cranial nerves in the proper order:OldOpieoccasionallytriestrigonometry,andfeelsverygloomy,vague,andhypoactive.2.Observe the model and preserved specimen of thehuman brain, and locate as many of the following cranialnerves as possible as you differentiate their associatedfunctions:olfactory nerves (I)optic nerves (II)oculomotor nerves (III)trochlear nerves (IV)trigeminal nerves (V)abducens nerves (VI)facial nerves (VII)vestibulocochlear nerves (VIII)glossopharyngeal nerves (IX)vagus nerves (X)accessory nerves (XI)hypoglossal nerves (XII)1

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