Something to consider when making public health policy Less likely to die if

Something to consider when making public health

This preview shows page 10 - 13 out of 19 pages.

Something to consider when making public health policy Less likely to die if you socialize But… be sure to be in a happy marriage Another meta-analysis: Marital quality moderated the relationship between marital status and health Study with wives marital happiness (self-reported, meant to be used as a predictor for husbands happiness) and husband’s likelihood of surviving a heart attack Greater when happy The Case Against Marriage (Or, at least, marital promotion) Pros are limited to happy marriages 1998: Only 1 in 4 still married couples are happy Selection effects Do we know that people who don’t get married would accrue the same benefits as those who do so now? Controlling for demographics is not enough Are other lifestyles, happily lived, as good as marriage? Temporary Assistance for Needy Families
Image of page 10
Bush signed Deficit Reduction Act in 2005 100 million dollars per year earmarked for improving marital outcomes in low- income families The program’s logic Children would be better off if they were raised by 2 married biological parents Does research support this? We know how to increase healthy marriage among low-income parents Government has a legitimate role in trying to influence parents’ marital behavior Preventative Better health, lower incarceration, etc . Program largely failed No evidence that they improved marital outcomes Assumed that low income couples did not value marriage Not true; They may even value it more So why do we see more premarital children and less probability of getting married? Marriage is expensive So is birth control These couples really want it to work and know that they are less likely to succeed Low income = stress, pressure Outside pressures predict the success of marriage A test of interventions PREP Improved communication and commitment CARE Used IBC IBC = Integrated Behavioral Cognitive??? Relationship Awareness Watched movies and talked about them Movies served as sort of a segway for them to talk about relationship issues in a non-committal way No interventions Fared the worst The other methods tied for effectiveness, implying that “high tech” therapy, like IBC” might not be the only solution Stress Acute Stress: Short term stress We generally think of stress in a negative context Feeling overwhelmed When can stress/physical reactions be positive?
Image of page 11
Stress When you’re in front of a bear Or you have an upcoming exam There needs to be an optimum level of stress Chronic Stress: Long term stress Low socioeconomic status causes stress for individuals and on our relationships People of low socioeconomic status are more likely to prolong marriage or divorce for this reason Two Route Model of Stress Effects Route 1: The content of the relationship Route 2: responses to relationship problems
Image of page 12
Image of page 13

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 19 pages?

  • Spring '08
  • Gray

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture