~2 billion people in the world suZer from iron de]ciency anemiaoAgain, mostly because they eat rice which has very little ironoPossible toinsert the gene into the genome of rice that codesfor the production offerritin, aniron storage protein takenfrom beans which are very rich in iron because they have theability to suck it from the soilCabbageoContainsIndole-3-Carbinol (anti-carcinogen).It has been shown to slow down the rate of tumorgrowth in animals.oMost kids don't like to eat cabbage but they happily eatpotatoesoPossible totake a gene, from cabbage and put it into thepotato so that the potato will manufacture Indole-3-CarbinolDrynessoMany plants will not grow well in dry soiloPossible toinsert a gene into plants that enable it to use asmall amount of moisture that is present in the groundDownloaded by Matthew Newell ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|3044643
oGreater adaptability to soil conditions!!Other interesting approachesTrans fats are notorious for raising cholesterol levels and playing arole in heart disease.oWe can reduce these in the diet using appropriate soybeanThese arelow linolenic acid soy beans.oSoy oil made from these beansdoesn't contain any trans fats,and it can be used at high temperatures for frying (vegetableoils cannot properly be used because they break & oxidizeunder high temperatures) whilelow linolenic acid soybeansdon't because it is the linolenic acid that oxidizesoSince trans fat is used due its high temperature tolerance, thiscan be used to replace it (no hydrogenation required)Papayaocan suZer from a disease.oVery big crop in Hawaii, but there is a virus that aZects itcalled thepapaya ring spot virus; a threatoHowever, it became possible to genetically modify the papayato make it resistant to this virus!!Other possible applicationsArctic apple is a genetically modi]ed apple thatdoes not go browneasily.oKids don't eat brown apples.Studies have shown that when kids are given apples intheir lunch that turn brown, they don't eat it.oIf they don't turn brown, they're much more likely to eat it.oIn this case, you're only using genes from apples.oThere aresome apples that naturally do not brown.oSo if you take the gene from those apples, you can make anew variety of apple that doesn't brown and then promotethosePossible to make genetically modi]ed potatoesoThese will developfewer black spots on them.People don't buy potatoes with black spotsDownloaded by Matthew Newell ([email protected])lOMoARcPSD|3044643
oThey alsoproduce less acrylamide.Acrylamide is a naturally occurring toxin that formswhen foods are heated to a high temperature, and theseare foods that containcarbohydrates along with aspeci]c amino acid called asparagine.