O symmetry between letters and geometric patterns

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o symmetry between letters and geometric patterns they produce=imp  traits of type of book making o elegant script and blank spaces= harmony  o gold leaf  patrons of books of upper class o top of folio, there is different script/hand tells us where manuscript  produced and gives name of scribe ( marginalia )= no date but place  and scribe told Blue qur’an like xn purple manuscripts: indigo dyed surface (rare): like royal,  imperial power of purple  (infl=mosaics with gold on blue ground);  luxurious, courtly setting, for specific patrons of wealth, words elongated for  visual effect, use of silver for transitions (most made in n Africa in 9 th  century,  early 10 th  century during  Fatimid  dynasty (900s through 1100s)) later picked  up by the ottomans  Emphatic relations between word and spaces around them**in luxurious  qur’an (calligraphy is emphasized); don’t see anything but revelations of god  to mohammed 
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Use of  calligraphy  in metal work and mosques, wrapped around, near niche,  sometimes in dome (mosque of c ó rdoba) Sometimes script just ornament, not meaningful (illegible), but sometimes  script attached to verses in qur’an  Hosios Loukas (greek church) but during rise of islam, script on exterior  fa ç ade (ornamental fashion not legible) Syncretism: Islamic dinar late 7 th  century Syria: like byzantine ones but from Islamic rulers o Caliph, staff (cross deconstructed) on stand o Figural representation (more byz infl) but some have only inscriptions  Mosques Mecca still important but not important city once Mohammed leaves to  Medina, but later Damascus becomes the center, but everything rotates  around Mecca (prayer direction: south) Original House of Prophet in Medina 620s o Small, open to everyone, gathering place, safe place, grew  exponentially from there o Hypo-style  (roof supported by pillars in several rows)  o Pillared sanctuary with courtyard outside: standard mosque type  for long time (large square/rectangle divided into different  sections) o Directionality already present (south) to center of cosmos History:
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  • Fall '12
  • ChristopherLakey
  • Mohammed, 11th century, continuity btw Mohammed, ­dialectic btw distinctness, standard mosque type, angular kufic script

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Christopher Reinemann
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